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2 Abstract In Sussman, Smereka and Osher 1994, a numerical method using the level set approach was formulated for solving incompressible two-phase ow with surface tension. In the level set approach, the interface is represented as the zero level set of a smooth function; this has the eeect of replacing the advection of density, which has steep gradients at(More)
In this study, we investigated cardiomyocyte cytoarchitecture in a mouse model for dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), the muscle LIM protein (MLP) knockout mouse and substantiated several observations in a second DCM model, the tropomodulin-overexpressing transgenic (TOT) mouse. Freshly isolated cardiomyocytes from both strains are characterized by a more(More)
Over the last decade, the Rho family GTPases have gained considerable recognition as powerful regulators of actin cytoskeletal organization. As with many high profile signal transducers, these molecules soon attracted the attention of the cardiovascular research community. Shortly thereafter, two prominent members known as RhoA and Rac1 were linked to(More)
Tropomodulin (Tmod)1 caps the pointed ends of actin filaments in sarcomeres of striated muscle myofibrils and in the erythrocyte membrane skeleton. Targeted deletion of mouse Tmod1 leads to defects in cardiac development, fragility of primitive erythroid cells, and an absence of yolk sac vasculogenesis, followed by embryonic lethality at embryonic day 9.5.(More)
Loss of myofibril organization is a common feature of chronic dilated and progressive cardiomyopathy. To study how the heart compensates for myofibril degeneration, transgenic mice were created that undergo progressive loss of myofibrils after birth. Myofibril degeneration was induced by overexpression of tropomodulin, a component of the thin filament(More)
Monoclonal antibodies to the matrix or E1 glycoprotein of mouse hepatitis virus (MHV) were tested for their ability to protect mice from a normally lethal challenge of MHV-4. Four antibodies were tested, and two of these, J.1.3 and J.3.9, were protective. Protection did not correlate with virus neutralization in vitro, antibody isotype, recognition of a(More)
Cardiovascular disease risk is higher in men than women, but the basis for this discrepancy remains controversial. Estrogenic stimulation of the myocardium or isolated cardiomyocytes has been purported to exert multiple beneficial effects associated with inhibition of maladaptive responses to pathogenic insults. This report describes a significant(More)
BACKGROUND Failing human hearts are characterized by altered cytoskeletal and myofibrillar organization, impaired signal transduction, abnormal protein turnover, and impaired energy metabolism. Thus, expression of multiple classes of genes is likely to be altered in human heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS We used high-density oligonucleotide arrays to(More)
The possibility that adult bone marrow cells (BMCs) retain a remarkable degree of developmental plasticity and acquire the cardiomyocyte lineage after infarction has been challenged, and the notion of BMC transdifferentiation has been questioned. The center of the controversy is the lack of unequivocal evidence in favor of myocardial regeneration by the(More)
BACKGROUND Because mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) induce proliferation and differentiation of c-kit(+) cardiac stem cells (CSCs) in vivo and in vitro, we hypothesized that combining human (h) MSCs with c-kit(+) hCSCs produces greater infarct size reduction compared with either cell administered alone after myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS AND RESULTS(More)