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Apelin, the ligand for the angiotensin receptor like-1, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation and heart failure. However, it is unknown if apelin has direct effects on cardiomyocyte contractility and electrophysiology. APJ-like immunoreactivity was localized to T-tubules and intercalated disc area in isolated adult rat ventricular(More)
AIMS Combined left ventricular assist device (LVAD) and pharmacological therapy has been proposed to favour myocardial recovery in patients with end-stage heart failure (HF). Clenbuterol (Clen), a beta(2)-adrenoceptor (beta(2)-AR) agonist, has been used as a part of this strategy. In this study, we investigated the direct effects of clenbuterol on unloaded(More)
Epidemiological evidence suggests that moderate consumption of red wine may be cardioprotective, although the precise mechanism(s) responsible remains poorly understood. We hypothesized that the red wine polyphenol, resveratrol, may exert direct actions on the heart and thus potentially contribute to cardioprotection. We show that resveratrol acutely(More)
BACKGROUND Prolonged unloading using left ventricular (LV) assist devices (LVADs) leads to unloading-induced atrophy with altered cardiomyocyte contractility. The causes for this time-dependent deterioration of myocardial function are unclear. Our aim was to determine the effects of prolonged mechanical unloading on cardiomyocyte function and, more(More)
Clenbuterol, a compound classified as a beta2-adrenoceptor (AR) agonist, has been employed in combination with left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) to treat patients with severe heart failure. Previous studies have shown that chronic administration of clenbuterol affects cardiac excitation-contraction coupling. However, the acute effects of clenbuterol(More)
The 4.1 proteins are a family of multifunctional adaptor proteins. They promote the mechanical stability of plasma membranes by interaction with the cytoskeletal proteins spectrin and actin and are required for the cell surface expression of a number of transmembrane proteins. Protein 4.1R is expressed in heart and upregulated in deteriorating human heart(More)
Adult progenitor cell transplantation has been proposed for the treatment of heart failure, but the mechanisms effecting functional improvements remain unknown. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that, in failing hearts treated with cell transplantation, the mechanical properties and excitation-contraction coupling of recipient cardiomyocytes(More)
Cell therapy, the transplantation of progenitor cells into the myocardium, has been proposed as a possible treatment strategy for heart failure. Despite the lack of repopulation of the heart with progenitor cells, cell therapy induces a modest but well-documented functional improvement in patients. It is thought that paracrine mechanisms may account for the(More)
1. The selective oestrogen (ER) receptor modulator, raloxifene, is widely used in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis, but may also possess cardioprotective properties. We investigated whether it directly suppresses myocyte contractility through Ca(2+) channel antagonism in a similar way to 17beta-oestradiol. 2. Cell shortening and Ca(2+)(More)
Cell transplantation of skeletal myoblasts (SMs) is one possible treatment for repairing cardiac tissue after myocardial injury. However, inappropriate electrical coupling between grafted SMs and host cardiomyocytes may be responsible for the arrhythmias observed in clinical trials of SM transplantation. Whether functional gap junctions occur between the(More)