Mark A. Sheridan

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The growth hormone (GH)-insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system plays a major role in coordinating the growth of vertebrates including fish. Considerable research on the regulation of growth has focused on the production and secretion of GH from the pituitary. This review will synthesize recent work on regulating extrapituitary aspects of the GH-IGF system,(More)
1. Aspects of lipid metabolism, including absorption and depositional processes, appear quite different in fish as compared to homeothermic vertebrates. 2. Dietary lipids in fish are absorbed as fatty acids and as triacylglycerols aggregated into chylomicra particles. 3. Interorgan transport of lipids, like that of mammals, consists of an exogenous(More)
Juvenile coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch, were either immersed in thyroxin-containing water (T4; 20 micrograms/ml) or implanted with cortisol (5 mg), bovine growth hormone (GH; 1.5 microgram/g body wt), or ovine prolactin (PRL; 1.5 microgram/g body wt), both early and late in smoltification. T4 and cortisol treatment stimulated lipid mobilization in parr.(More)
Juvenile coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) were placed on five dietary regimes: fed 1 week, fasted 1 week, fed 3 weeks, fasted 3 weeks, and fasted 1 week/refed 2 weeks. Plasma levels of glucose, fatty acids, insulin, glucagon, and glucagon-like peptide (GLP) and the activities of key metabolic enzymes were determined. Plasma glucose levels in the fed(More)
Previous studies have indicated that teleost fish appear to have two somatostatin genes. In salmonid fish, it is purported that gene I encodes for somatostatin-14 (SS-14), while gene II encodes for somatostatin-25 (sSS-25). In the present study, the physiological effects of SS-14 and sSS-25 on carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus(More)
The effects of nutritional state, insulin, and glucagon on lipid mobilization were determined in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. In nutritional state experiments, fish were either fed continuously (except 24 to 36 hr prior to experimentation) with commercial trout chow or fasted for 4 weeks. Lipase activity in liver tissue isolated from fasted fish and(More)
Teleost fish store lipids among several tissues primarily as triacylglycerol (TG). Upon metabolic demand, stored TGs are hydrolyzed by hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL). In this study, two distinct cDNAs encoding HSL were isolated, cloned, and sequenced from adipose tissue of rainbow trout. The full-length cDNAs, designated HSL1 and HSL2, were 2562-bp and(More)
Fatty acids from the several lipid classes of selected steelhead trout (Salmo gairdnerii) parr and smolt tissues, previously separated by thin-layer chromatography, were analyzed by gas-liquid chromatography. The fatty acid composition of the parr was markedly different from that of the smolt; the former being characterized by relatively low amounts of(More)
Growth hormone (GH) plays important roles in a vast array of physiological processes, including growth, metabolism, and reproduction. In this study, cDNAs for two unique growth hormone receptor variants were cloned and sequenced from rainbow trout. The two cDNAs, one consisting of 2920 bp and the other of 2820 bp, share 87.2% identity in nucleotide sequence(More)
Growth hormone regulates numerous processes in vertebrates including growth promotion and lipid mobilization. During periods of food deprivation, growth is arrested yet lipid depletion is promoted. In this study, we used rainbow trout on different nutritional regimens to examine the regulation of growth hormone (GH)-insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I)(More)