Mark A. Sembower

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Among girls, little is known about the shared and unique associations that callous-unemotional (CU) behaviors and conduct problems have with aspects of emotional and behavioral dysregulation and with parenting practices. This study examined these associations using a large community-based sample of young girls (N = 990). The findings revealed that(More)
INTRODUCTION Traditionally, smokers have been encouraged to prepare for cessation in advance of a preset quit date, with the expectation that preparation would improve their chance of success. However, a recent survey of U.K. smokers found that a substantial proportion of attempts involved no preplanning and that these spontaneous attempts were actually(More)
BACKGROUND It has been reported that the efficacy of acute forms of nicotine replacement therapy, such as nicotine gum and lozenges, improves when sufficient quantities of medication are used. OBJECTIVE This analysis examined whether adherence with daily nicotine patch wear was associated with improved rates of smoking abstinence. METHODS This was a(More)
Relatively little is known about the factor structure of disruptive behavior among preadolescent girls. The present study reports on exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of disruptive girl behavior over four successive data waves as rated by parents and teachers in a large, representative community sample of girls (N = 2,451). Five factors were(More)
INTRODUCTION Smokers switching completely from combustible cigarettes to electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are likely to reduce health risk, suggesting that e-cigarettes should be made appealing to adult smokers. However, uptake of e-cigarettes by nonsmoking teens would add risk without benefit and should be avoided. Although e-cigarette flavors may(More)
Multidrug use is well documented among nonmedical users of prescription stimulants. We sought to provide insight into the drug use patterns of those reporting nonmedical use of prescription attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) stimulants in an attempt to discern whether such use is a first step in a pattern of drug-abusing behavior or,(More)
BACKGROUND Smoking cessation outcomes are calculated as the probability of abstinence at follow-up among all enrolled smokers, but it is also useful to estimate the probability of success for those who experienced success or failure at earlier time points. OBJECTIVES The primary aims were to estimate the probability of maintaining abstinence through week(More)
BACKGROUND Patient education and warnings have emerged as prominent interventions for improving drug safety. As part of the provision of information and guidance on safe use of drugs, patients often receive multiple pieces of written information when they obtain a prescription medication, including a Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-mandated medication(More)
OBJECTIVE In recent years, rates of alcohol use among young female adolescents have been increasing. Despite such trends, little is known about the precursors of use and intentions to use alcohol among preadolescents. The current prospective study examines the prevalence and correlates of alcohol use, future intentions and alcohol-related expectancies among(More)
Much of the research examining intergenerational continuity of problems from mother to offspring has focused on homotypic continuity (e.g., depression), despite the fact that different types of mental health problems tend to cluster in both adults and children. It remains unclear whether mothers with multiple mental health problems compared to mothers with(More)