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1. We examined the activity of identified corticotectal neurons in the frontal eye field of awake behaving rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). Corticotectal neurons were antidromically excited using biphasic current pulses passed through monopolar microelectrodes within the superior colliculus. The activity of single corticotectal neurons was studied while the(More)
Muscimol-induced inactivation of the monkey frontal eye field: effects on visually and memory-guided saccades. Although neurophysiological, anatomic, and imaging evidence suggest that the frontal eye field (FEF) participates in the generation of eye movements, chronic lesions of the FEF in both humans and monkeys appear to cause only minor deficits in(More)
Recently, models in psychology have been shown capable of accounting for the full range of behavioral data from simple two-choice decision tasks: mean reaction times for correct and error responses, accuracy, and the reaction time distributions for correct and error responses. At the same time, recent data from neural recordings have allowed investigation(More)
Monkeys made saccades to one of two peripheral targets based on the brightness of a central stimulus. Task difficulty was manipulated by varying the ratio of stimulus black-and-white pixels. Correct response probability for two monkeys varied directly with difficulty. Deep layer SC neurons exhibited robust presaccadic activity the magnitude of which was(More)
1. This study identified neurons in the rhesus monkey's frontal eye field that projected to oculomotor regions of the pons and characterized the signals sent by these neurons from frontal eye field to pons. 2. In two behaving rhesus monkeys, frontal eye field neurons projecting to the pons were identified via antidromic excitation by a stimulating(More)
The distribution of neurons projecting through the corpus callosum (callosal neurons) was examined in retinotopically defined areas of cat visual cortex. As many callosal neurons as possible were labeled in a single animal by surgically dividing the posterior two-thirds of the corpus callosum and exposing the cut ends of callosal axons to horseradish(More)
1. In this study, we compared the temporal waveforms of the activity of monkey frontal eye field movement neurons with the dynamics of saccadic eye movements. 2. Movement neurons in the frontal eye field were selected according to previously published criteria. They had little or no response to visual stimuli in a fixation task, and equivalent activity(More)
We compared the callosal afferent and efferent connections of different retinotopic loci within a given visual cortical area as well as the connectivity patterns among similar retinotopic loci in different visual areas. Small injections (75 nl) of a mixture of horseradish peroxidase and [3H]leucine were made through a recording pipette at injection sites(More)
The saccadic system uses a muscular apparatus and motor programs that evolved long before the cerebral cortex assumed the dominant role in the generation of behavior that it occupies in the primate. The cortical role in eye movements therefore is to contribute aspects of sophisticated processing to the basic apparatus for rapid eye movements. Thus visual(More)
We examined the activity of neurons in the deep layers of the superior colliculus of awake behaving rhesus monkeys during the performance of standard oculomotor tasks as well as during self-guided eye movements made while viewing natural images. The standard tasks were used to characterize the activity of neurons based on established criteria. The natural(More)