Mark A. Scheper

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HMGA2 expression has been shown to be associated with enhanced selective chemosensitivity towards the topoisomerase (topo) II inhibitor, doxorubicin, in cancer cells. Although the roles of signaling cascades and proteins as regulatory factors in development, neoplasia and adaptation to the environment are becoming well established, evidence for the(More)
The fungal species Candida albicans and the bacterial species Staphylococcus aureus are responsible for a majority of hospital-acquired infections and often coinfect critically ill patients as complicating polymicrobial biofilms. To investigate biofilm structure during polymicrobial growth, dual-species biofilms were imaged with confocal scanning laser(More)
Farnesol, a precursor in the isoprenoid/sterol pathway, was recently identified as a quorum-sensing molecule produced by the fungal pathogen Candida albicans. Farnesol is involved in the inhibition of germination and biofilm formation by C. albicans and can be cytotoxic at certain concentrations. In addition, we have shown that farnesol can trigger(More)
Plasmablastic lymphoma is an HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that primarily affects the oral cavity and jaws. The purpose of this report is to describe the first case of plasmablastic lymphoma occurring in an HIV-negative, nonimmunocompromised individual, and to review the histopathologic and immunohistochemical phenotype of this lymphoma.(More)
Follicular lymphoid hyperplasia (FLH) of the palate is a very rare benign, proliferative process, with only 20 cases published so far in the English language literature. We describe a case, in a 55-year-old Caucasian female, who developed a swelling in the left posterior hard palate. Bony involvement was absent. Importantly, the medical history was positive(More)
Oropharyngeal candidiasis is an opportunistic infection considered to be a harbinger of AIDS. The etiologic agent Candida albicans is a fungal species commonly colonizing human mucosal surfaces. However, under conditions of immune dysfunction, colonizing C. albicans can become an opportunistic pathogen causing superficial or even life-threatening(More)
Osteonecrosis of the jaw secondary to bisphosphonate infusion (zoledronic acid-ZA) is assumed to be a bone disease. This study investigated the effects of ZA on soft tissues using oral mucosal cells as an in vitro model of soft tissue cell death in the pathogenesis of bone necrosis. Human gingival fibroblast and keratinocyte cell lines were exposed to(More)
The aim of this retrospective study was to describe the oral health status of patients before, during, and after radiotherapy (RT) for the treatment of head and neck cancer (HNC). Before RT, the following data was collected: presence of unrecoverable teeth, residual roots, unerupted teeth, use of dentures, periodontal alterations, caries, candidiasis, and(More)
BACKGROUND Bisphosphonate (BP)-associated osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) has been reported in patients receiving intravenous BP, particularly zoledronic acid (ZA). The purpose of this study was to develop an in vitro model representative of the effects BP has on soft tissue secondary to its release from bone. Human gingival fibroblasts and oral epithelial(More)
Bisphosphonate-associated osteonecrosis (BON) is a recently recognized oral complication of bisphosphonate (BP) therapy. Currently, research into the pathogenesis of BON has been hampered by being deficient in studies capable of measuring the level of BP in saliva or at the bone–soft tissue interface. The objective of this current study was to develop a(More)