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The crystal structure of a MyoD basic-helix-loop-helix (bHLH) domain-DNA complex has been solved and refined at 2.8 A resolution. This structure proves that bHLH and bHLH-leucine zipper (bHLH-ZIP) proteins are remarkably similar; it helps us understand subtle differences in binding preferences for these proteins; and it has surprising implications for our(More)
The structure of an Oct-1 POU domain-octamer DNA complex has been solved at 3.0 A resolution. The POU-specific domain contacts the 5' half of this site (ATGCAAAT), and as predicted from nuclear magnetic resonance studies, the structure, docking, and contacts are remarkably similar to those of the lambda and 434 repressors. The POU homeodomain contacts the(More)
The 2.5 A resolution structure of a cocrystal containing the paired domain from the Drosophila paired (prd) protein and a 15 bp site shows structurally independent N-terminal and C-terminal subdomains. Each of these domains contains a helical region resembling the homeodomain and the Hin recombinase. The N-terminal domain makes extensive DNA contacts, using(More)
Pax6, a transcription factor containing the bipartite paired DNA-binding domain, has critical roles in development of the eye, nose, pancreas, and central nervous system. The 2.5 A structure of the human Pax6 paired domain with its optimal 26-bp site reveals extensive DNA contacts from the amino-terminal subdomain, the linker region, and the(More)
The refined crystal structure of Escherichia coli glutaminyl transfer RNA synthetase complexed with transfer RNA(Gln) and ATP reveals that the structure of the anticodon loop of the enzyme-bound tRNA(Gln) differs extensively from that of the known crystal structures of uncomplexed tRNA molecules. The anticodon stem is extended by two non-Watson-Crick base(More)
Actin filament growth and disassembly, as well as affinity for actin-binding proteins, is mediated by the nucleotide-bound state of the component actin monomers. The structural differences between ATP-actin and ADP-actin, however, remain controversial. We expressed a cytoplasmic actin in Sf9 cells, which was rendered non-polymerizable by virtue of two point(More)
BACKGROUND Zinc fingers of the Cys2 His2 class recognize a wide variety of different DNA sequences and are one of the most abundant DNA-binding motifs found in eukaryotes. The previously determined 2.1 A structure of a complex containing the three zinc fingers from Zif268 has served as a basis for many modeling and design studies, and Zif268 has proved to(More)
We report the 2.2 A resolution structure of the Drosophila engrailed homeodomain bound to its optimal DNA site. The original 2.8 A resolution structure of this complex provided the first detailed three-dimensional view of how homeodomains recognize DNA, and has served as the basis for biochemical studies, structural studies and molecular modeling. Our(More)
We have determined the crystal structure of a complex containing the engrailed homeodomain Gln50 --> Ala variant (QA50) bound to the wild-type optimal DNA site (TAATTA) at 2.0 A resolution. Biochemical and genetic studies by other groups have suggested that residue 50 is an important determinant of differential DNA-binding specificity among homeodomains(More)
Transcription of the ant gene during lytic growth of bacteriophage P22 (ref. 1) is regulated by the cooperative binding of two Arc repressor dimers to a 21-base-pair operator site. Here we report the co-crystal structure of this Arc tetramer-operator complex at 2.6 A resolution. As expected from genetic and structural studies and from the co-crystal(More)