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Salvinorin A (1), from the sage Salvia divinorum, is a potent and selective kappa opioid receptor (KOR) agonist. We screened other salvinorins and derivatives for binding affinity and functional activity at opioid receptors. Our results suggest that the methyl ester and furan ring are required for activity but that the lactone and ketone functionalities are(More)
Three new neoclerodane diterpenoids, salvinorins D-F (4-6), have been isolated from the leaves of Salvia divinorum. The structures were elucidated by chemical and spectroscopic methods, particularly 1D and 2D NMR. A simplified isolation method using chromatography on activated carbon also gave improved yields of the controlled substance salvinorin A (1) and(More)
Three new neoclerodane diterpenoids, divinatorins A-C (7-9), have been isolated from the leaves of Salvia divinorum. The compounds were identified by spectroscopic methods as derivatives of the antibiotic (-)-hardwickiic acid (10), which was also isolated, along with four other known terpenoids. Neither the crude extract nor 7-9 displayed antimicrobial(More)
Inflammation has been implicated in tumor initiation, angiogenesis, and metastasis, and linked to the development of more aggressive, therapy-resistant estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer. Resolvin D2 (RvD2) is a potent anti-inflammatory lipid mediator. As RvD2 may be synthesized within breast tumors by both tumor cells and the surrounding stroma(More)
There is significant interest in treating cancers by blocking protein synthesis, to which hematological malignancies seem particularly sensitive. The translation elongation inhibitor homoharringtonine (Omacetaxine mepesuccinate) is undergoing clinical trials for chronic myeloid leukemia, whereas the translation initiation inhibitor silvestrol has shown(More)
Silvestrol (1) and episilvestrol (2) are protein synthesis inhibitors, and the former has shown efficacy in multiple mouse models of cancer; however, the selectivity of these potent cytotoxic natural products has not been described. Herein, it is demonstrated that eukaryotic initiation factors eIF4AI/II were the only proteins detected to bind silvestrol (1)(More)
The asymmetric syntheses of (+)-rottnestol (1) and the related marine sponge metabolites (+)-raspailols A (5) and B (6) are described. The key step in each of these sequences was a Stille coupling to form the C9-C10 sp2-sp2 bond and connect the polyene sidechains to the appropriate optically active tetrahydropyran core. For rottnestol (1), both C12 epimers(More)
The total synthesis of the endogenous inflammation resolving eicosanoid resolvin D2 (1) is described. The key steps involved a Wittig reaction between aldehyde 5 and the ylide derived from phosphonium salt 6 to give enyne 17 and condensation of the same ylide with aldehyde 7 to afford enyne 11. Desilylation of 11 followed by hydrozirconation and iodination(More)
A formal total synthesis of the spiroketal containing cytotoxic myxobacteria metabolite spirangien A (1) is described. The approach utilizes a late introduction of the C20 alcohol that mirrors the biosynthesis of this compound. The key steps involved a high yielding cross metathesis reaction between enone 6 and alkene 7 to give E-enone 4 and a Mn-catalyzed(More)
An approach to the dihydrooxepino[4,3-b]pyrrole core of diketopiperazine natural products which utilizes a vinyl pyrrole epoxide Cope rearrangement was investigated. It was found that an ester substituent on the epoxide was essential for the [3,3]-rearrangement to occur. Density functional calculations with M06-2X provided explanations for the effects of(More)