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The capacity of isolated chondrocytes to join separate masses of cartilage matrix was investigated with composites implanted in subcutaneous pouches in nude mice. Slices of articular cartilage were harvested from lambs and were devitalized by cyclic freezing and thawing. The slices were then either co-cultured with viable allogeneic lamb chondrocytes(More)
BACKGROUND The avascular portion of the meniscus cartilage in the knee does not have the ability to repair spontaneously. HYPOTHESIS Cell-based therapy is able to repair a lesion in the swine meniscus. STUDY DESIGN Controlled laboratory study. METHODS Sixteen Yorkshire pigs were divided into four groups. A longitudinal tear was produced in the(More)
Hyaluronic acid is a natural polysaccharide found abundantly throughout the body with many desirable properties for application as a biomaterial, including scaffolding for tissue engineering. In this work, hyaluronic acid with molecular weights ranging from 50 to 1100 kDa was modified with methacrylic anhydride and photopolymerized into networks with a wide(More)
PURPOSE Chondrocytes lose their ability to produce cartilaginous matrix during multiplication in culture through repeated passages, resulting in inferior tissue phenotype. To overcome the limited amount of primary chondrocytes, we aimed to determine the optimal culture condition for in vitro/in vivo cartilage regeneration using human adipose-derived(More)
In this study, devitalized meniscal tissue pre-seeded with viable cultured chondrocytes was used to repair a bucket-handle incision in meniscal tissue transplanted to nude mice. Lamb knee menisci were devitalized by cyclic freezing and thawing. Chips measuring four by two by one-half millimeters were cut from this devitalized tissue to serve as scaffolds.(More)
The objective of this study was to determine how changes in the network structure and properties of hyaluronic acid (HA) hydrogels, due to variations in the macromer molecular weight (50-1,100 kDa) and macromer concentration (2-20 wt %), affect neocartilage formation by encapsulated auricular chondrocytes. To investigate tissue formation, swine auricular(More)
We developed an experimental model to compare the efficacy of free vascularized bone grafts, conventional segmental autografts, matchstick autografts, and fresh segmental allografts in terms of their ability to reconstruct a 7-cm segmental diaphyseal defect created in the canine femur. Forty-five adult mongrel dogs were studied and followed for 6 to 12(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemia-reperfusion injury of skeletal muscle is a common clinical and experimental problem. To date, there has been no uniform and reproducible method to assess the extent of histologic injury. In this study, we developed a novel statistical methodology for evaluating injury in individual myocytes and 3 distinct methods for the interpretation(More)
Assessing nerve integrity and myelination after injury is necessary to provide insight for treatment strategies aimed at restoring neuromuscular function. Currently, this is largely done with electrical analysis, which lacks direct quantitative information. In vivo optical imaging with sufficient imaging depth and resolution could be used to assess the(More)