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Reverse transcription and the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were used to detect vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) mRNA in human placental tissue and cultured placental fibroblasts obtained during the first trimester of pregnancy. The primers for VEGF corresponded to areas in exon 4 and exon 8 of the VEGF gene. After one round of PCR three(More)
Direct amplification of the major outer membrane protein (MOMP) gene by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to identify Chlamydia trachomatis in eye swabs from clinically active cases of endemic trachoma in a Gambian village. Chlamydial DNA was detected in 51% of 96 subjects with clinically active disease and in 5% of 37 clinically negative(More)
The obligate intracellular nature of chlamydiae presents challenges to the characterization of its phages, which are potential tools for a genetic transfer system. An assay for phage infectivity is described, and the infectious properties of phage Chp2 were determined.
A 7.5 kbp cryptic plasmid is found in almost all isolates of Chlamydia trachomatis. Real-time PCR assays, using TaqMan chemistry, were set up to quantify accurately both the chlamydial plasmid and the single copy, chromosomal omcB gene in the infectious, elementary bodies (EBs) of C. trachomatis L1 440. Plasmid copy number was also determined in the EBs of(More)
Human rhinoviruses (HRVs) cause the common cold and often induce lower airway symptoms such as cough and wheezing. Although HRV infection is presumed to involve primarily ciliated epithelial cells, this has not been confirmed in vivo, and the cellular distribution and spread of infection as well as the pathogenesis of cold related nasal and chest symptoms(More)
A novel method for the detection and typing of human papillomavirus (HPV) was developed using molecular beacon primers. The method is based on the use of HPV-specific primers containing a hairpin loop structure in which fluorescent donor and quencher groups are held in close proximity such that fluorescence is quenched. Amplification of the target sequence(More)
Chlamydia trachomatis L2 was used to infect BGMK cells at an m.o.i. of 1.0, and the developmental cycle was followed by transmission electron microscopy and quantitative PCR (QPCR) for both chromosomal and plasmid DNA. Samples were taken at sequential 6 h time points. Subsequent analysis by QPCR showed that there was an initial slow replication period (0-18(More)
BACKGROUND In early 2002 reports of outbreaks of gastroenteritis reached unprecedented levels in the UK. Forty five Norovirus outbreaks were reported in January 2002. OBJECTIVES The objective of the study was to determine whether the outbreaks were Noroviral in origin and if so whether they represented a homogeneous or heterogeneous collection of(More)
Chlamydiaphage Chp2 is a member of the family Microviridae, of which bacteriophage phiX174 is the type species. Although grouped in the same family, the relationship between the Microviridae coliphages and the Chp2-like viruses, which infect obligate intracellular parasitic bacteria, is quite distant, with major differences in structural protein content and(More)