Mark A. Nelson

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The albino-3 (al-3) gene of Neurospora crassa, which probably encodes the carotenoid biosynthetic enzyme geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate synthetase, was cloned. The N. crassa triple mutant al-3 qa-2 aro-9 was transformed to qa-2+ with mixtures of plasmids bearing N. crassa DNA inserts, and the transformants were screened for the al-3+ phenotype. One al-3+(More)
Male and female B6C3F1 mice were administered dichloroacetate (DCA) and trichloroacetate (TCA) in their drinking water at concentrations of 1 or 2 g/l for up to 52 weeks. Both compounds induced hepatoproliferative lesions (HPL) in male mice, including hepatocellular nodules, adenomas and hepatocellular carcinomas within 12 months. The induction of HPL by(More)
Accumulating evidence indicates that elevated levels of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) can increase intestinal epithelial cell proliferation, and thus play a role in colorectal tumorigenesis. PGE(2) exerts its effects through four G-protein-coupled PGE receptor (EP) subtypes, named the EP1, EP2, EP3, and EP4. Increased phosphorylation of extracellular(More)
The eukaryotic initiation factor 3f (eIF3f) is the p47 subunit of the multi-subunit eIF3 complex. eIF3 plays an important role in translation initiation. In the present study, we investigate the biological function of eIF3f in translation and apoptosis in tumor cells. We demonstrated for the first time that eIF3f is downregulated in most human tumors using(More)
Selenium supplementation has been shown for many years to work as an anticarcinogenic agent both in epidemiology and in in vitro studies. Selenium supplementation has recently been shown to decrease total cancer incidence. However, the mechanism of action of selenium as an anticarcinogenic agent has yet to be elucidated. Selenomethionine was the predominant(More)
Size and folding of the cerebral cortex increased massively during mammalian evolution leading to the current diversity of brain morphologies. Various subtypes of neural stem and progenitor cells have been proposed to contribute differently in regulating thickness or folding of the cerebral cortex during development, but their specific roles have not been(More)
The ability of trichloroethylene (TCE) and selected metabolites to induce single-strand breaks in hepatic DNA of male B6C3F1 mice and Sprague-Dawley rats in vivo was evaluated using an alkaline unwinding assay. Doses of TCE of 22-30 mmol/kg were required to produce strand breaks in DNA in rats, whereas a dose of 11.4 mmol/kg was sufficient to increase the(More)
We describe several analytical techniques for use in developing genetic models of oncogenesis including: methods for the selection of important genetic events, construction of graph models (including distance-based trees, branching trees, contingency trees and directed acyclic graph models) from these events and methods for interpretation of the resulting(More)
This study examined whether the induction of single strand breaks in hepatic DNA by dichloroacetic acid (DCA) and trichloroacetic acid (TCA) depends upon peroxisome proliferation. Male B6C3F1 mice were given a single oral dose of either DCA or TCA. At varying times, between 1 and 24 h after administration of the compounds, breaks in DNA were measured using(More)