Mark A. Liker

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Deep brain stimulation (DBS), the practice of placing electrodes deep into the brain to stimulate subcortical structures with electrical current, has been increasing as a neurosurgical procedure over the past 15 years. Originally a treatment for essential tremor, DBS is now used and under investigation across a wide spectrum of neurological and psychiatric(More)
BACKGROUND Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the globus pallidus internus (GPi) is a treatment for severe childhood-onset dystonia. A common challenge for clinicians is determining which contacts of the DBS electrode to stimulate in order to provide maximum future benefit to the patient. OBJECTIVE To characterize how the cortical responses to DBS relate to(More)
Although medical history and physical examination should lead to diagnosis of chronic subdural hematomas, 40% of these patients are likely to be misdiagnosed because many of these symptoms occur in other disease processes, such as transient ischemic attacks, stroke, dementia, and tumors. Computed tomography remains one of the most useful tools in the(More)
Human neural stem cells have exhibited a remarkable versatility to respond to environmental signals. Their characterization in models of neurotoxic injury may provide insight into human disease treatment paradigms. This study investigates the survival and migration of transplanted human stem cells and tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactivity in the(More)
BACKGROUND Dystonia is a movement disorder in which involuntary sustained or intermittent muscle contractions cause twisting and repetitive movements, abnormal postures, or both. It can be classified as primary or secondary. There is no cure for dystonia and the goal of treatment is to provide a better quality of life for the patient. Surgical intervention(More)
Cerebral vasospasm remains the principal cause of morbidity and mortality following successful clipping of intracranial aneurysms. Current management often requires subjective judgments concerning presumed abnormalities of cerebral blood flow. In this study, a combined intracranial pressure (ICP)-laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF) fiberoptic probe that permits(More)
This paper present results of a multi-disciplinary project that is developing a microchip-based neural prosthesis for the hippocampus, a region of the brain responsible for the formation of long-term memories. Damage to the hippocampus is frequently associated with epilepsy, stroke, and dementia (Alzheimer's disease) and is considered to underlie the memory(More)