Mark A. Klausner

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BACKGROUND Anemia, which is common in the critically ill, is often treated with red-cell transfusions, which are associated with poor clinical outcomes. We hypothesized that therapy with recombinant human erythropoietin (epoetin alfa) might reduce the need for red-cell transfusions. METHODS In this prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, we(More)
BACKGROUND X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) is the most common heritable form of rickets and osteomalacia. XLH-associated mutations in phosphate-regulating endopeptidase (PHEX) result in elevated serum FGF23, decreased renal phosphate reabsorption, and low serum concentrations of phosphate (inorganic phosphorus, Pi) and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D].(More)
BACKGROUND In the older population, anemia has been associated with poor outcomes including disability and mortality. Understanding the mechanisms leading to anemia is essential to plan better treatment and prevention strategies. We tested the hypothesis that the age-related decline in kidney function is associated with an increased prevalence of anemia and(More)
The effect of cetamolol (an investigational cardioselective beta blocker with intrinsic sympathomimetic activity) on the hypokalemic response to epinephrine infusions in normal subjects was evaluated and compared with placebo and two other beta-adrenergic blocking drugs. After two daily doses of cetamolol 15 mg, atenolol (a cardioselective beta blocker) 50(More)
The selectivity of the beta-adrenoceptor blockade produced by single oral doses of cetamolol, atenolol, and nadolol was compared in normal male subjects. Study 1 established the dose at which each drug provides equivalent beta-1 blockade. Beta-1 blockade was estimated using the degree of inhibition of the increased heart rate (HR) response to graded(More)
X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) is characterized by lower extremity deformities that lead to bone and/or joint pain that result from decreased renal tubular reabsorption leading to hypophosphatemia caused by elevated levels of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23). OBJECTIVE Validate the use of SF-36v2 Health Survey (SF-36v2) and the Western Ontario and(More)
This open-label, multicenter trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of a new oral solution formulation of itraconazole in HIV+/AIDS patients with fluconazole-refractory oropharyngeal candidiasis. Seventy-four HIV+/AIDS patients with mycologically confirmed oropharyngeal candidiasis who failed fluconazole therapy (200 mg/day) were treated with 100 mg of(More)
In X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH), serum fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is increased and results in reduced renal maximum threshold for phosphate reabsorption (TmP), reduced serum inorganic phosphorus (Pi), and inappropriately low normal serum 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25[OH]2 D) concentration, with subsequent development of rickets or osteomalacia.(More)