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A multiplex real-time PCR was designed to detect and differentiate equid herpesvirus 1 (EHV-1) and equid herpesvirus 4 (EHV-4). The PCR targets the glycoprotein B gene of EHV-1 and EHV-4. Primers and probes were specific to each equine herpesvirus type and can be used in monoplex or multiplex PCRs, allowing the differentiation of these two closely related(More)
Twelve nasal swabs were collected from yearling horses with respiratory distress and tested for equid herpesvirus 1 (EHV-1) and equid herpesvirus 4 (EHV-4) by real-time PCR targeting the glycoprotein B gene. All samples were negative for EHV-1; however, 3 were positive for EHV-4. When these samples were tested for EHV-2 and EHV-5 by PCR, all samples were(More)
– In this work, we demonstrate that both capacitance and inductance must be the central parameters associated with the Charged Device Model (CDM) waveform verification modules. We also propose a change from the previously used FR-4 dielectric material substrate to a more stable Alumina. This improves waveform repeatability and will lead to better(More)
– Parameters associated with an observed variation in CDM ESD waveforms are shown to be pogo pin diameter, pogo pin length, ground plane size, and distance between ground plane and charge plate. The effects on resulting discharge waveforms and solutions for improvement of existing CDM standards will be discussed.
Synthetic combinatorial libraries have proven to be a valuable source of diverse structures useful for large-scale biochemical screening. Their use has greatly facilitated the study of protein-protein interactions. We have developed a practical technique for screening such libraries by integrating affinity chromatography selection with electrospray(More)
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