Mark A. Harmer

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We have developed a simple and effective route for the high yield extraction of sugars from cellulosic based biomass. This process uses a combination of a cellulose decrystallization step with a mixture of phosphoric and sulfuric acid, followed by a hydrolysis step producing sugars (xylose and glucose) with yields of approximately 90%.
Single-walled carbon nanotubes are efficiently cut to precise submicrometer lengths and very narrow length distributions. Chemical functional groups are placed selectively only at the ends without the nanotube walls being modified or damaged. The new methodology includes lithography to place protective photoresist patterns over the nanotubes and reactive(More)
Perfluorinated sulfonic acids have been immobilised into mesoporous silica frameworks by a one-step process, representing the first example of the successful incorporation of charged silanes using this route, and have been shown to be excellent catalysts for Brønsted acid catalysed transformations.
We have recently developed an improved synthetic route to 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethanesulfonic acid (HCF2CF2SO3H, TFESA) and explored the applications of this newly available superacid in catalysis. Low volatility, ease of handling, and a convenient 1H NMR handle make this acid an attractive alternative to triflic acid. TFESA can also be converted to several(More)
A novel reaction, based on sol-gel chemistry using an aluminum alkoxide and phosphoric acid to produce a high-surface-area aluminum phosphate glass, was followed by 27Al and 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). The gelled portion of the alcoholic solutions could be characterized with solid state 27Al methods. We discovered that the gelation, which is very(More)
We present a novel process methodology for the controlled cutting of nanotubes and other nanostructures to well-controlled lengths and sizes. The continuing increase in complexity of electronic devices, coupled with decreasing size of individual elements, are placing more stringent demands on the resolution and accuracy of fabrication patterns. The ability(More)
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