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Journals and Conferences
We present the design and characterization of a spatial light modulator (SLM) comprising a ferroelectric-liquid-crystal light-modulating layer on top of a silicon integrated circuit. Our SLM consists of two electrically addressed arrays on the same integrated-circuit die. The first, a 1 x 128 linear array with a 20-microm center-to-center element spacing,… (More)
We describe parallel optical XOR and XNOR logic gates implemented with ferroelectric liquid-crystal (FLC) electro-optic elements to yield naturally a logic in which the binary gate outputs are indicated by two orthogonal polarizations of transmitted light. These gates absorb no power from the incident light beam and hence can be cascaded without the need to… (More)
Advanced spatial light modulators both detect incident light and modulate reflected light. Each pixel may contain multiple photodetectors, a modulator, control circuitry, and signal-processing circuitry. Because each detector and modulator occupies only a fraction of the area of a pixel the optical efficiency of these devices suffers. We have experimented… (More)
Optical architecture choices optimize pico-projection engines for battery-powered embedded applications and wall-plug-powered stand-alone applications. Embedded engines offer power efficiencies above 6 lm/W, while stand-alone systems offer luminous outputs up to 110 lm.
Optical phase conjungation using an amorphous silicon/ferroelectric-liquid-crystal light modulator shows an optical response of 100 microsec with a diffraction efficiency of 8.5% for an incident optical intensity of 1 mW/cm(2).
A number of analyses, meta-analyses, and assessments, including those performed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, and the International Energy Agency, have concluded that deployment of a diverse portfolio of clean energy technologies makes a… (More)
This paper was published in SPIE Proceedings Volume 2650 and is made available as an electronic reprint with permission of SPIE. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic or multiple reproduction, distribution to multiple locations via electronic or other means, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for… (More)
A number of different approaches have been pursued to effect the combination of photodetectors, electronic circuitry, and light modulators or sources on the same substrate. Besides the fabrication of native electronic devices together with light sources or modulators on a common III-V substrate,various efforts have been undertaken to combine diverse light… (More)
We demonstrate fast, efficient beam steering using a single 1x32 analog ferroelectric liquid crystal (FLC) spatial light modulator. A high-tilt FLC material with 82 degrees optic-axis switching provides, in a reflective-mode device with a passive quarter-wave retarder between a half-wave FLC layer and a mirror, 91% of full 0-2pi phase modulation. Electronic… (More)
We have developed a spatial light modulator technology based on foundry silicon fabrication processes. This technology employs a thin, ferroelectric liquid crystal light-modulating layer at the substrate's surface, producing electrically addressed display devices with resolutions up to 256x256 and frame rates up to 10 kHz. We have also fabricated optically… (More)