Mark A. Gurwell

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On 4 July 2005, many observatories around the world and in space observed the collision of Deep Impact with comet 9P/Tempel 1 or its aftermath. This was an unprecedented coordinated observational campaign. These data show that (i) there was new material after impact that was compositionally different from that seen before impact; (ii) the ratio of dust mass(More)
Massive galaxies in the early Universe have been shown to be forming stars at surprisingly high rates. Prominent examples are dust-obscured galaxies which are luminous when observed at sub-millimetre wavelengths and which may be forming stars at a rate of 1,000 solar masses (M(middle dot in circle)) per year. These intense bursts of star formation are(More)
High-resolution submillimetre (submm) imaging of the high-redshift radio galaxy (HzRG), 4C 60.07, at z = 3.8, has revealed two dusty components of roughly equal integrated flux. Spitzer imaging shows that one of these components ('B') is coincident with an extremely red active galactic nucleus (AGN), offset by ∼4 arcsec (∼30 kpc) from the HzRG core. The(More)
Approximately 10% of active galactic nuclei exhibit relativistic jets, which are powered by the accretion of matter onto supermassive black holes. Although the measured width profiles of such jets on large scales agree with theories of magnetic collimation, the predicted structure on accretion disk scales at the jet launch point has not been detected. We(More)
We have used the Submillimeter Array (SMA) to make the first interferometric observations (beam size ∼ 1 ′′ , or ∼ 400 pc) of the 12 CO J=6-5 line and 435 µm (690 GHz) continuum emission toward the central region (half power field of view 17 ′′) of the nearby ultra-luminous infrared galaxy (ULIRG) Arp 220. These observations resolve the eastern and western(More)
Article is made available in accordance with the publisher's policy and may be subject to US copyright law. Please refer to the publisher's site for terms of use. The MIT Faculty has made this article openly available. Please share how this access benefits you. Your story matters. ABSTRACT We analyze the multi-frequency behavior of the quasar 3C 454.3(More)
Massive present-day early-type (elliptical and lenticular) galaxies probably gained the bulk of their stellar mass and heavy elements through intense, dust-enshrouded starbursts--that is, increased rates of star formation--in the most massive dark-matter haloes at early epochs. However, it remains unknown how soon after the Big Bang massive starburst(More)
Comets are some of the most primitive bodies left over from the Solar System's early history. They may preserve both interstellar material and material from the proto-solar nebula, and so studies of their volatile components can provide clues about the evolution of gases and ices, as a collapsing molecular cloud transforms into a mature planetary system.(More)