Mark A Fields

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Compared with many induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) lines generated using retrovirus and other non-integrating methods, the utilization of human protein-induced iPSC (piPSC) lines may provide a safer alternative for the generation of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells for transplantation in retinal degenerative diseases. Here we assess the ability(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether infiltrating polymorphonuclear leukocytes PMNs play a role in preventing early direct anterior-to-posterior spread of herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 and/or in preventing the spread of HSV-1 from the brain back to the retina of the injected eye after anterior chamber (AC) inoculation. METHODS BALB/c mice were treated with(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of age and topographic location on gene expression in human neural retina. METHODS Macular and peripheral neural retina RNA was isolated from human donor eyes for DNA microarray and quantitative RT-PCR analyses. RESULTS Total RNA integrity from human donors was preserved. Hierarchical clustering analysis demonstrates(More)
PURPOSE After uniocular anterior chamber (AC) inoculation with HSV-1, the anterior segment of the injected eye becomes inflamed and infected; however, virus does not spread from the anterior segment and infect the retina of the injected eye. The purpose of this study was to identify early infiltrating cells and to determine whether infiltrating cells(More)
After uniocular anterior chamber (AC) inoculation of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), virus and TNF alpha (TNF-α) are detected in the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN). The goal of this study was to investigate the role of TNF-α and macrophages in the brain of HSV-1-infected BALB/c mice. Mice were treated with thalidomide for TNF-α inhibition or injected(More)
The field of stem cell biology has rapidly evolved in the last few decades. In the area of regenerative medicine, clinical applications using stem cells hold the potential to be a powerful tool in the treatment of a wide variety of diseases, in particular, disorders of the eye. Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are(More)
PURPOSE Loss of CD46 has recently been implicated in choroidal neovascularization in mice. Herein we investigated the effect of nitrite modification of the extracellular matrix (ECM) as an in vitro model of "aging" and its effect on CD46 expression and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) release in cocultured human retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). (More)
Stem cell therapy for retinal degenerative diseases such as age-related macular degeneration is a promising clinical option for the replacement of photoreceptors and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Induced pluripotent stem cell technology has emerged as a viable potential source of cells for transplantation in retinal degenerative disorders. Induced(More)
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) has been shown to have a protective role in the eyes and brains of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1)-infected mice. To determine whether overexpression of TNF-alpha affected the course of virus infection following uniocular anterior chamber inoculation, a recombinant of HSV-1 that produces TNF-alpha constitutively(More)