Mark A. Endsley

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Human immunodeficiency virus type 1(HIV-1) infection is the leading cause of death worldwide in adults attributable to infectious diseases. Although the majority of infections are in sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia, HIV-1 is also a major health concern in most countries throughout the globe. While current antiretroviral treatments are generally(More)
Granulysin and NK-lysin are antimicrobial proteins found in the granules of human and swine cytotoxic lymphocytes. A murine counterpart to granulysin has not been identified to date, indicating the importance of additional models to fully characterize the role of granulysin-like molecules in the immune response to infectious disease. Two partial nucleotide(More)
Gene flow over very large geographic scales has been investigated in few species. Examples include Drosophila melanogaster, Drosophila subobscura, Drosophila simulans, and the Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata). The cosmopolitan house fly, a highly vagile, fecund, colonizing species offers an additional exemplar. Genotypes at seven microsatellite(More)
Variation at mitochondrial and microsatellite loci was used to study the breeding and dispersal structure of Glossina morsitans centralis, in six natural populations from Botswana, the Caprivi Strip (Namibia), Zambia, and in a laboratory culture derived from Singida, Tanzania. Only seven mitochondrial haplotypes were found. Mean diversity averaged over the(More)
Tsetse flies occupy discontinuous habitats and gene flow among them needs to be investigated in anticipation of area-wide control programs. Genetic diversities were estimated at six microsatellite loci in seven Glossina morsitans submorsitans Newstead (Diptera: Glossinidae) populations and five microsatellite loci in six G. m. morsitans Westwood(More)
Bovine natural killer (NK) cells were recently identified by positive selection of a NK cell-activating receptor p46 (NKp46)+ CD3- lymphocyte population, which expresses CD25 and CD8 and lyses tumor cell lines following stimulation with recombinant interleukin-2. In the current work, we characterize the cytotoxic/effector potential of a CD3(-)CD8(-)CD11b-(More)
Over the last several years, there has been a great deal of progress in characterizing the role of dendritic cells (DCs) in the activation and modulation of B cells. DC-secreted chemokines can induce B cell trafficking to the lymph nodes. DC-produced survival factors such as B cell-activating factor of the TNF family and a proliferation-inducing ligand have(More)
Estimation of allelic frequencies at three microsatellite loci among 20 populations of Glossina morsitans morsitans Westwood, Glossina morsitans submorsitans Newstead, and Glossina morsitans centralis Machado indicated only two of 99 alleles were shared between three subspecies and 18 between any two subspecies; 81 alleles were unshared. The conserved(More)
Previously, we showed that the tetraspanin membrane protein CD63 mediates both early and post-integration stages of the HIV-1 replication cycle. The temporal roles of CD63 were discerned using monoclonal antibodies and small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) to block CD63 function, and determining which of the sequential steps in HIV-1 replication were disrupted.(More)
Previously, we showed that ADAM10 is necessary for HIV-1 replication in primary human macrophages and immortalized cell lines. Silencing ADAM10 expression interrupted the HIV-1 life cycle prior to nuclear translocation of viral cDNA. Furthermore, our data indicated that HIV-1 replication depends on the expression of ADAM15 and γ-secretase, which(More)