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It has been proposed that Paget's disease of bone is caused by the infection of bone cells with one or several paramyxoviruses. In this study we used the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), which allows the detection of very low levels of a target nucleic acid sequence, to study cultures of pagetic bone cells and samples of pagetic bone. Oligonucleotide(More)
Osteoclasts are derived from haematopoietic stem cell precursors of the monocyte/macrophage cell lineage, through interaction with factors that are believed to include M-CSF and RANKL. VEGF is a proangiogenic cytokine that has been shown to promote osteoclast differentiation and survival. In this study, we assessed the role of VEGF and its receptors in(More)
A novel micro-cellular polymer with a well-defined and uniform micro-architecture has been developed as a three-dimensional support matrix for in vitro tissue engineering applications. This material is manufactured through a high internal phase emulsion (HIPE) polymerization route and may be modified with hydroxyapatite. The generic form of the support is(More)
The adhesive interactions that occur between bone cells and the developing matrix during bone formation help guide coupled remodeling and the maintenance of bone mass. Here, we provide evidence that acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is a novel osteoblast-derived mediator of cell-matrix interactions in bone. These findings complement an increasing body of evidence(More)
Signaling between the various types of cells found in bone is responsible for controlling the activity of osteoblasts and osteoclasts, and therefore the regulation of bone mass. Our identification of a neuronal glutamate transporter in osteoblasts and osteocytes suggests the possibility that bone cells may use the excitatory amino acid glutamate as a(More)
Extracellular ATP acting through purinoceptors may be an important factor in the modulation of bone turnover. In this study we cloned and sequenced the P2U purinoceptor from osteoclastoma, confirming the recently published human sequence. Furthermore, by the reverse transcriptase-linked polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Southern blotting we(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a proangiogenic cytokine that is expressed highly in many solid tumours often correlating with a poor prognosis. In this study, we investigated the expression of VEGF and its receptors in bone metastases from primary human breast tumours and further characterised its effects on osteoclasts in vitro. Breast cancer(More)
During bone formation, there are numerous pivotal changes in the interrelationships between osteoblasts and molecules of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Consequently, the mechanisms that underlie the temporal and spatial distribution of ECM molecules in bone are of considerable interest in understanding its formation. A subfamily of a disintegrin and(More)
It has been previously reported that 8701-BC cells, derived from a primary carcinoma of the breast, constitutively express parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) gene and that N-terminal PTHrP immunoreactivity can be found in cell medium. Here we have firstly measured immunoreactive PTHrP in 8701-BC cell medium using antibodies raised against midregion(More)
The expression of a total of 58 cytokines, growth factors, and their corresponding receptors and bone matrix proteins was assessed using reverse transcription-linked polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis to determine the similarity in the expression profile between clonal osteosarcoma-derived human osteoblast-like cell lines and primary human(More)