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There is much uncertainty as to whether plants use arogenate, phenylpyruvate, or both as obligatory intermediates in Phe biosynthesis, an essential dietary amino acid for humans. This is because both prephenate and arogenate have been reported to undergo decarboxylative dehydration in plants via the action of either arogenate (ADT) or prephenate (PDT)(More)
The anionic peroxidase associated with the suberization response in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tubers during wound healing has been purified and partially characterized at the biochemical level. It is a 45-kD, class III (plant secretory) peroxidase that is localized to suberizing tissues and shows a preference for feruloyl (o-methoxyphenol)-substituted(More)
Suberized plant cell walls have three distinguishing features: (1) tissue specificity, (2) a poly(aliphatic) domain and (3) a unique, "lignin-like" poly(phenolic) domain. With respect to the latter, comparisons have often been made to lignin, but the unique phenolic composition of suberized cells yields a unique polymer better designated as a poly(phenolic)(More)
In response to wounding, potato tubers generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) in association with suberization. Immediately following wounding, an initial burst of ROS occurs, reaching a maximum within 30 to 60 min. In addition to this initial oxidative burst, at least three other massive bursts occur at 42, 63 and 100 h post-wounding. These latter bursts(More)
American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.) produces triterpenoid saponins, ginsenosides, that possess mild fungitoxic activity toward some common ginseng leaf pathogens. However, numerous oomycete root pathogens of ginseng, most notably Pythium irregulare Buisman, are able to partially deglycosylate 20 (S)-protopanaxadiol ginsenosides Rb1, Rd and gypenoside(More)
When Pinus taeda cell suspension cultures are exposed to 8% sucrose solution, the cells undergo significant intracellular disruption, irregular wall thickening/lignification with concomitant formation of an 'extracellular lignin precipitate. However, addition of potassium iodide (KI), an H202 scavenger, inhibits this lignification response, while the(More)
The ginseng pathogen Pythium irregulare is able to selectively metabolize the 20(S) protopanaxadiol ginsenosides Rb1, Rb2, Rc, Rd, and gypenoside XVII via extracellular glycosidases, leading to the formation and partial assimilation of ginsenoside F2. Herein we have partially purified three ginsenoside-deglycosylating enzymes from P. irregulare culture(More)
Seeds of different cultivars of Glycine max (L.) Merr. (soybean) have strikingly different rates of water imbibition. Seeds that readily imbibe water are termed 'soft', while those that remain non-permeable, even after several days in water, are referred to as 'hard', 'stone', or 'impermeable' seeds. What prevents soybean hard seeds from taking up water?(More)
As a structural feature of specialized cell walls, suberization remains an enigma, despite its obvious importance both during normal growth and development and as a stress response in plants. While it is clear that suberized tissues contain both polyaromatic and polyaliphatic domains, and that each of these has its own unique characteristics, whether there(More)
Soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.) is a versatile and important agronomic crop grown worldwide. Each year millions of dollars of potential yield revenues are lost due to a root rot disease caused by the oomycete Phytophthora sojae (Kaufmann & Gerdemann). Since the root is the primary site of infection by this organism, we undertook an examination of the(More)