Mark A. Bernards

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When Pinus taeda cell suspension cultures are exposed to 8% sucrose solution, the cells undergo significant intracellular disruption, irregular wall thickening/lignification with concomitant formation of an 'extracellular lignin precipitate. However, addition of potassium iodide (KI), an H202 scavenger, inhibits this lignification response, while the(More)
The anionic peroxidase associated with the suberization response in potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tubers during wound healing has been purified and partially characterized at the biochemical level. It is a 45-kD, class III (plant secretory) peroxidase that is localized to suberizing tissues and shows a preference for feruloyl (o-methoxyphenol)-substituted(More)
As a structural feature of specialized cell walls, suberization remains an enigma, despite its obvious importance both during normal growth and development and as a stress response in plants. While it is clear that suberized tissues contain both polyaromatic and polyaliphatic domains, and that each of these has its own unique characteristics, whether there(More)
Thirteen-lined ground squirrels (Spermophilus tridecemlineatus) were fed one of four isocaloric, isolipemic diets containing 16, 22, 35 or 55 mg linoleic acid (18:2n-6) per gram. Mitochondrial properties were compared between hibernating and summer active states, and between diet groups. As in other studies, state 3 respiration was significantly reduced in(More)
The ginseng pathogen Pythium irregulare is able to selectively metabolize the 20(S) protopanaxadiol ginsenosides Rb1, Rb2, Rc, Rd, and gypenoside XVII via extracellular glycosidases, leading to the formation and partial assimilation of ginsenoside F2. Herein we have partially purified three ginsenoside-deglycosylating enzymes from P. irregulare culture(More)
In response to wounding, potato tubers generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) in association with suberization. Immediately following wounding, an initial burst of ROS occurs, reaching a maximum within 30 to 60 min. In addition to this initial oxidative burst, at least three other massive bursts occur at 42, 63 and 100 h post-wounding. These latter bursts(More)
Suberin is a specific cell wall-associated biopolymer characterized by the deposition of both a poly(phenolic) domain (SPPD) associated with the cell wall, and a poly(aliphatic) domain (SPAD) thought to be deposited between the cell wall and plasma membrane. In planta, suberin functions to prevent plants from desiccation and pathogen attack. Although the(More)
Suberized plant cell walls have three distinguishing features: (1) tissue specificity, (2) a poly(aliphatic) domain and (3) a unique, "lignin-like" poly(phenolic) domain. With respect to the latter, comparisons have often been made to lignin, but the unique phenolic composition of suberized cells yields a unique polymer better designated as a poly(phenolic)(More)
Seven ferulic acid esters of 1-alkanols ranging in carbon length from C16 to C28 were synthesized and an HPLC protocol for their separation developed. Extracts prepared from wound healing potato (Solanum tuberosum) tubers and analysed by HPLC indicated that alkyl ferulate esters begin to accumulate 3-7 days after wound treatment. Of the nine esters(More)
There is much uncertainty as to whether plants use arogenate, phenylpyruvate, or both as obligatory intermediates in Phe biosynthesis, an essential dietary amino acid for humans. This is because both prephenate and arogenate have been reported to undergo decarboxylative dehydration in plants via the action of either arogenate (ADT) or prephenate (PDT)(More)