Mark A. Bernard

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After separating by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis an extract of total proteins from human stratum corneum, two spots were extracted and analyzed for their peptide sequence. The resulting internal protein sequences provided evidence for the identification of a new calcium-binding protein. Cloning of the corresponding full-length cDNA was achieved by(More)
This article summarizes research from our laboratory on two aspects of the biochemistry of nucleoside diphosphate kinase from Escherichia coli--first, its interactions with several T4 bacteriophage-coded enzymes, as part of a multienzyme complex for deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate biosynthesis. We identify some of the specific interactions and discuss(More)
Desquamation is described as a protease-dependent phenomenon where serine proteases with a basic pH optimum play a key role. Recently proteases with an acidic pH optimum were identified in the stratumcorneum and associated with desquamation, e.g., cathepsin D and the stratum corneum thiol protease. The purpose of this study was to investigate if human(More)
After T4 bacteriophage infection of Escherichia coli, the enzymes of deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate biosynthesis form a multienzyme complex that we call T4 deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate (dNTP) synthetase. At least eight phage-coded enzymes and two enzymes of host origin are found in this 1.5-mDa complex. The complex may shuttle dNTPs to DNA replication(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether HIV-1 produces microRNAs and elucidate whether these miRNAs can induce inflammatory response in macrophages (independent of the conventional miRNA function in RNA interference) leading to chronic immune activation. METHODS Using sensitive quantitative Real Time RT-PCR and sequencing, we detected novel HIV-derived miRNAs in the(More)
The goals in this study were several-fold. First, to optimize the in vivo phage display methodology by incorporating phage pharmacokinetic properties, to isolate peptides that target the brain microvasculature, and then to build focused libraries to obtain structure activity relationship information in vivo to identify the optimal targeting motif. The blood(More)
Even though combined anti-retroviral therapy (cART) dramatically improves patient survival, they remain at a higher risk of being afflicted with non-infectious complications such as cardiovascular disease (CVD). This increased risk is linked to persistent inflammation and chronic immune activation. In this study, we assessed whether this complication is(More)
Mechanistic studies of RNA processing in the RNA-Induced Silencing Complex (RISC) have been hindered by lack of methods for continuous monitoring of enzymatic activity. "Quencherless" fluorogenic substrates of RNAi enzymes enable continuous monitoring of enzymatic reactions for detailed kinetics studies. Recombinant RISC enzymes cleave the fluorogenic(More)
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