Mark A. Barber

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P-Rex1 is a guanine-nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for the small GTPase Rac that is directly activated by the betagamma subunits of heterotrimeric G proteins and by the lipid second messenger phosphatidylinositol (3,4,5)-trisphosphate (PIP(3)), which is generated by phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K). Gbetagamma subunits and PIP(3) are membrane-bound,(More)
BACKGROUND It has been hypothesised that elevated serum troponin levels in acute stroke are due to myocardial damage caused by sympathoadrenal activation, which, in turn, may be due particularly to insular damage. We aimed to determine the factors associated with troponin elevation in ischaemic stroke and the prognostic value of this finding. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND Many inflammatory and haemostatic biomarkers show associations with acute ischaemic stroke outcome, but few studies compare a large range of markers. METHODS We assessed clinical status and 16 biomarkers within 24 h of onset in 180 consecutive acute ischaemic stroke patients. RESULTS A total of 94 patients had a poor outcome (dead or(More)
Leukocytes and amoeboid-stage cancer cells migrate in a similar manner. Key signalling molecules regulating leukocyte and cancer cell migration are phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and the Rho family of small GTPases. While PI3K activity defines the leading edge of the cell, Rho family GTPases regulate the cytoskeletal remodelling during polarisation and(More)
BACKGROUND Reliable estimation of severity of neurological impairments early after stroke is essential for research and audit of acute stroke care. Obtaining this information prospectively requires significant resources. We wished to assess the reliability of estimating the Scandinavian Stroke Scale (SSS) score retrospectively from routine hospital(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Early clinical progression of ischemic stroke is common and is associated with increased risk of death and dependency. We hypothesized that activation of the coagulation system is an important contributor in some cases of deterioration. We aimed to characterize alterations in circulating hemostatic markers in patients with progressing(More)
We aimed to quantify the association of blood interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentrations with poor outcome after stroke and its added predictive value over clinical information. Meta-analysis of 24 studies confirmed this association with a weighted mean difference of 3.443 (1.592-5.294) pg/mL, despite high heterogeneity and publication bias. Individual participant(More)
Several peptides were isolated from the protein silk fibroin of Bombyx mori by means of ion-exchange chromatography of a chymotryptic digest. The sequences of three of the peptides, Gly-Ala-Gly-Tyr, Gly-Val-Gly-Tyr and Gly-Ala-Gly-Ala-Gly-Ala-Gly-Tyr, were known from previous chemical work, but the sequence of the fourth, Gly-Ala-Gly-Val-Gly-Ala-Gly-Tyr,(More)