Mark A. Babizhayev

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Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are of primary importance as they cause damage to lipids, proteins, and DNA either endogenously by cellular mechanism, or through exogenous exposure to environmental injury factors, including oxidation insult factors, such as tobacco smoke. Currently 46.3 million adults (25.7 percent of the population) are smokers. This(More)
UV-spectrophotometry and fluorescent analysis were used to study lipid extracts from lenses, aqueous humour and blocks containing trabecular and Schlemms canal tissues, obtained from 49 eyes of patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). Accumulation of the primary, secondary, and end products of lipid peroxidation (LPO) (diene and triene conjugates,(More)
Carnosine (beta-alanyl-L-histidine) and carcinine (beta-alanylhistamine) are natural imidazole-containing compounds found in the non-protein fraction of mammalian tissues. Carcinine was synthesized by an original procedure and characterized. Both carnosine and carcinine (10-25 mM) are capable of inhibiting the catalysis of linoleic acid and(More)
Glucocorticoid-induced cataracts in chick embryos were monitored by an image analysis system. Opacities in the lens visually showed a complex pattern with significant changes in the cortical and nuclear regions. An electronic image analyser produced an image in which contrast represented different zones of lens opacification in the frontal plane and(More)
Lipid peroxidation (LPO) is a causative factor of cataract. The increased concentrations of primary molecular LPO products (diene conjugates, lipid hydroperoxides) and end fluorescent LPO products, were detected in the lipid moieties of the aqueous humor samples obtained from patients with senile and complicated cataracts as compared to normal donors. The(More)
The cataractous lenses of patients with retinitis pigmentosa have been studied by electron microscopy. The posterior subcapsular opacities showed common ultrastructural features. Large areas of disruption of the lens fibre pattern were observed which showed an increase in the number of fibre membranes per unit area. In many regions an elaborate and regular(More)
The naturally occurring compound N~-acetylcarnosine (NAC) is proposed as the prodrug of L-carnosine (C) resistant to enzymatic hydrolysis by human serum carnosinase. Rabbit eyes were treated with 1% NAC, C or placebo and extracts of the aqueous humor from the anterior eye chamber were analyzed for imidazole content by reverse phase analytical high(More)
Globally, tobacco use is associated with 5 million deaths per annum and is regarded as one of the leading causes of premature death. Major chronic disorders associated with smoking include cardiovascular diseases, several types of cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (lung problems). Cigarette smoking (CS) generates a cumulative oxidative(More)
A method of classifying cataractous changes in excised human lenses, based on separate and independent photographic documentation, with consequent quantitative evaluation of lens opacification is proposed. The degree of lens clouding was evaluated quantitatively by measuring the optical density index and the area of the zones of clouding with certain(More)
Lipid peroxidation (LPO) could be one of the mechanisms of cataractogenesis, initiated by enhanced production of oxygen free radicals in the eye fluids and tissues and impaired enzymatic and non-enzymatic defences of the lens. The increased concentrations of primary molecular LPO products (diene conjugates, lipid hydroperoxides) and end fluorescent LPO(More)