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The bioelectrical-impedance-analysis (BIA) method accurately measures body composition in weight-stable subjects. This study validates the use of BIA to measure change in body composition. Twelve obese females underwent weight loss at a mean rate of 1.16 kg/wk. Body composition was measured by deuterium oxide dilution (D2O), BIA, and skinfold anthropometry(More)
Six autoimmune murine models (MRL/l, MRL/n, NZB, NZB/NZW, PN, C57BL/6J-lpr/lpr) were compared with normal control C57BL/6J and DBA/2 mice to determine if spontaneous autoimmune disease was associated with evidence of Sjögren's syndrome. Schirmer tests documented dry eyes in NZB/NZW and PN mice; other autoimmune strains and controls had normal tear(More)
An extract of human lymphocytes from continous cell culture was used as the antigen source to detect antibodies in sera of patients with Sjögren's syndrome (SS). Using double diffusion in agarose, 85 per cent of a selected group of patients had precepating antibodies. Three precipitating antigen-antibody systems were detected and were shown to be different(More)
Randomly selected sera from 88 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) were studied for the frequency of antibodies to SS-A, SS-B, RANA, RNP, Sm, Sc-1, and dsDNA. Results were in agreement with previous reports except for an increased incidence of anti-SS-A antibody (33%). Nine of 14 patients with anti-SS-A antibody on whom serial studies were(More)
Symptomatology and objective findings of Sjögren's syndrome were evaluated in 38 consecutive patients with primary biliary cirrhosis. Symptoms of Sjögren's syndrome were present in 18 (47.4%) patients, but were severe enough to warrant therapy in only four (10.5%). Nineteen patients consented to evaluation for Sjögren's syndrome, which included Schirmer's I(More)
Autoantibodies in Sjögren's syndrome (SS) were identified by their precipitin reactions with tissue antigens in immunodiffusion. The source of antigens was a sonicated extract of human lymphoid cells (WiI2) grown in tissue culture. Three distinct precipitin systems were identified and referred to as precipitins SS-A and SS-B, and rheumatoid arthritis(More)
Twenty-seven patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) maintained on drug regimens were studied monthly for 6-10 months. Disease activity was assessed and levels of anti-RA associated nuclear antigen (RANA) and immune complexes were determined. Anti-RANA generally paralleled disease activity in 64% of cases. Immune complex levels paralleled disease activity(More)
With a sensitive radioimmunoassay we have found elevated IgA rheumatoid factor (IgA-RF) levels in the sera of patients with rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren's syndrome, and systemic lupus erythematosus. The IgA--RF showed a pattern of reaction with human IgG subclasses and animal gammaglobulins similar to that of IgM-RF from the same patients. Rheumatoid(More)
Sera from approximately two-thirds of patients with rheumatoid arthritis contain an antibody which is reactive with a nuclear antigen present in human B-lymphocyte tissue culture cells. The immunological reaction can be demonstrated by precipitation and immunofluorescence. Evidence is present that the reactive nuclear antigen is associated with Epstein-Barr(More)