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Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and brown trout (Salmo trutta) represent two salmonid genera separated for 15--20 million years. cDNA sequences were determined for the classical MHC class I heavy chain gene UBA and the MHC class II beta-chain gene DAB from 15 rainbow and 10 brown trout. Both genes are highly polymorphic in both species and diploid in(More)
Whirling disease of rainbow trout is caused by Myxobolus cerebralis, a myxozoan parasite possessing a life cycle well adapted to the natural environments where salmonid fish are found. Whirling disease was first described in Europe in 1898 among farmed rainbow trout but recent occurrences have been devastating to wild trout in North America. The disease is(More)
 Complementary DNA for two class I genes of the rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, were characterized. MhcOnmy-UBA*01 is similar to Onmy-UA-C32 and the classical major histocompatibility complex class I genes of other fish species, whereas Onmy-UAA*01 is divergent from all class I genes so far characterized. Onmy-UAA*01 is expressed at lower levels than(More)
Since 1998, episodes of mass mortality have occurred in populations of common carp Cyprinus carpio carpio in Israel and in populations of koi Cyprinus carpio koi in Israel and the USA. A herpesvirus isolated from infected fish has been shown in experimental studies to induce disease and mortality similar to those observed in outbreaks at infected farms.(More)
Koi herpesvirus (KHV) has been associated with devastating losses of common carp (Cyprinus carpio carpio) and koi (Cyprinus carpio koi) in North America, Europe, Israel and Asia. A comparison of virion polypeptides and genomic restriction fragments of seven geographically diverse isolates of KHV indicated that with one exception they represented a(More)
Diagnostic methods were used to identify and quantify Myxobolus cerebralis, a myxozoan parasite of salmonid fish. In this study, 7-week-old, pathogen-free rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were experimentally infected with M. cerebralis and at 7 months postinfection were evaluated with 5 diagnostic assays: 1) pepsin-trypsin digest (PTD) to detect and(More)
Pathogen-free rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) aged 735 degree days were experimentally exposed to a low dose of infectious Myxobolus cerebralis (20 triactinomyxons fish−1). Three time periods were chosen for sampling that included 10 days (d), 67 d, and 5 months (mo) post exposure. Five diagnostic assays were used: (1) conventional single-round(More)
Serine proteases have been recognized as key factors in parasite physiology and disease development. We have identified a serine protease gene from Myxobolus cerebralis, MyxSP-1, the myxozoan parasite causing whirling disease in salmonid fishes. The amino acid sequence, as deduced from the cDNA sequence, included a catalytic residue arrangement similar to(More)
Cysteine proteases are essential to the biological function of parasitic organisms and are gaining interest as the target of chemotherapeutics aimed at their control. We report a cysteine protease gene from the myxozoan Myxobolus cerebralis, the cause of whirling disease in salmonid fish. The mature gene (MyxCP-1) encodes a 248-amino acid polypeptide that(More)
White sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus) immunoglobulin (Ig) was purified from serum by two methods, ion-exchange chromatography and gel filtration and precipitation of the euglobulin fraction. The purity of these immunoglobulin preparations was confirmed by gel electrophoresis. Sequence analysis of the N-terminal amino acids confirmed that the purified(More)