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T he organization of transcriptionally active ribosomal genes in animal cell nucleoli is investigated in this study in order to address the long-standing controversy with regard to the intranucleolar localization of these genes. Detailed analyses of HeLa cell nucleoli include direct localization of ribosomal genes by in situ hybridization and their indirect(More)
Experimental studies that explore the possible causes of ploidy distributions and niche differentiation are rare. Increased competitive ability may be advantageous for survival in dense vegetation and may strongly affect local and regional abundances of cytotypes and potentially contribute to invasion success. We compared survival, growth and reproduction(More)
DNA replication sites (RS) in synchronized HeLa cells have been studied at the electron microscopic level. Using an improved method for detection following the in vivo incorporation of biotin-16-deoxyuridine triphosphate, discrete RS, or foci are observed throughout the S-phase. In particular, the much larger RS or foci typically observed by fluorescence(More)
Secondary structures of the G-rich strand of human telomere DNA fragments G3(TTAG3)n, n = 1-16, have been studied by means of circular dichroism spectroscopy and PAGE, in solutions of physiological potassium cation concentrations. It has been found that folding of these fragments into tetraplexes as well as tetraplex thermostabilities and enthalpy values(More)
In the literature, the thrombin binding aptamer GGTTGGTGTGGTTGG is generally taken as a prototype of an intramolecular guanine tetraplex of DNA. Our results, however, show that this notion is not true in aqueous solutions. This conclusion is based on a dependence of the CD spectra on aptamer concentration, migration of the aptamer in polyacrylamide gels,(More)
We have investigated the in situ organization of ribosomal gene (rDNA) transcription and replication in HeLa cells. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) revealed numerous rDNA foci in the nucleolus. Each rDNA focus corresponds to a higher order chromatin domain containing multiple ribosomal genes. Multi-channel labeling experiments indicated that, in(More)
Using a series of suitably chosen oligonucleotides, we demonstrate that the DNA duplex of d(CCCCGGGG) provides an almost identical CD spectrum as the parallel-stranded tetraplex of d(GGGG). The CD spectra are very sensitive to base stacking in DNA so that the above observation indicates that guanine-guanine stacking is essentially the same within the duplex(More)
CD spectroscopy, gel electrophoresis and absorption-based thermal stability were used to analyze quadruplex formation of RNA and RNA/DNA hybrid analogs of the deoxyoligonucleotide G4T4G4, which forms a well-characterized basket-type quadruplex. All RNA-containing dodecamers, g4u4g4, G4u4G4 and g4T4g4 (RNA lower-case, DNA capital letters), formed parallel,(More)
Colicins show a considerable cytostatic activity, which is much less known and understood than their killing activity targeting bacteria of the Enterobacteriaceae family. In this communication, the cytotoxic effects of colicins E1 and E3 on v-myb-transformed chicken monoblasts BM2 are presented. We detected clear reduction of the viable cell number induced(More)
y ´ s ˘ c ˘ r ˘ s ˘ he organization of transcriptionally active ribosomal genes in animal cell nucleoli is investigated in this study in order to address the long-standing controversy with regard to the intranucleolar localization of these genes. Detailed analyses of HeLa cell nucleoli include direct localization of ribosomal genes by in situ hybridization(More)