Marjut Ranki

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A method based on three-DNA-component, sandwich hybridization has been designed for the detection and quantitation of nucleic acids in crude samples using adenovirus DNA as a model. Two non-overlapping restriction fragments of adenovirus type 2 (Ad2) DNA were cloned into two vectors, the pBR322 plasmid and M13 phage. The recombinant plasmid DNA was(More)
Subacute thyroiditis is generally believed to be of viral origin, and infection is also suspected of playing a role as a triggering factor in the pathogenesis of autoimmune thyroid diseases. We have measured a broad spectrum of bacterial and viral antibodies in paired sera of 32 patients with thyroid disease of recent onset. The data indicate a preceding(More)
The studies with poliovirus have revealed that cells have a full capacity to translate uncapped mRNA, although their own mRNAs are capped and methylated. These observations have been confirmed by translation studies in fractionated systems in vitro. In poliovirus-infected cells, and in cell extracts prepared from them, a well-documented loss of capacity to(More)
An RNA-dependent RNA polymerase activity has been found associated with Uukuniemi virions. The enzyme activity is expressed only after disrupting the virions with the nonionic detergent Triton X-100 and is absolutely dependent on Mn2+, whereas Mg2+ is not required, a finding that distinguishes this polymerase from those of other enveloped minus-strand RNA(More)
We have developed a rapid method for the quantitative detection of point mutations and deletions. In this minisequencing method, enzymatically amplified DNA, 5'-biotinylated in one strand, is bound to a solid phase and denatured. A detection primer, constructed to end immediately before the mutation, is annealed to the immobilized single-stranded template(More)
A novel, sensitive colorimetric test is described for quantification of the initial number of hepatitis B virus (HBV) genomes amplified in PCR. The viral genomes are amplified together with a synthetic internal standard (IS) to correct for the variability of the efficiency factor. One of the two primers is biotinylated, and the amplified mixtures of HBV and(More)
The ratio between wild-type hepatitis B virus (HBV) and HBV mutant, unable to secrete "e" antigen (HBeAg minus HBV) appears to be an important determinant of the outcome of chronic hepatitis B. Quantitative analysis of wild-type and HBeAg minus HBVs in the blood could be useful to monitor chronic hepatitis B patients. We developed a solid-phase(More)
A sensitive and convenient solution hybridization technique was adapted for the semiquantitative detection of hepatitis B virus DNA in serum. The assay utilizes 35S-isotope as label and biotin-avidin interaction for collection of the hybrids onto microtitre plate wells. Results are obtained as numerical values, which allow quantification. 10(6) molecules of(More)
A new standardized test for hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA with increased sensitivity and range over previous assays (30 to 10(6) HBV genomes/test) was evaluated in this study. The quantitative results from the test have been validated using international reference specimens of known titer and a reference solution hybridization test. The test has small(More)
Present methods for quantification of hepatitis B virus (HBV) particles from serum samples are not sensitive enough for some recent clinical applications. We describe a test that allows quantification of HBV DNA in a broad dynamic range from less than 40 to 10(6) molecules based on competitive PCR. The specimen DNA and a known amount of an internal standard(More)