Marjorie J. Arca

Learn More
Purpose: We report a male child who presented at 15 months with perianal abscesses and proctitis, progressing to transmural pancolitis with colocutaneous fistulae, consistent with a Crohn disease-like illness. The age and severity of the presentation suggested an underlying immune defect; however, despite comprehensive clinical evaluation, we were unable to(More)
BACKGROUND Although both laparoscopic and thoracoscopic repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) have been described in the literature, neither appropriate selection criteria nor improved outcomes for minimally invasive repair over open repair have been clearly delineated. METHODS We reviewed our experience with neonatal CDH repair between 2004 and(More)
The association of Enterobius vermicularis infestation with acute appendicitis varies from 0.2–41.8% worldwide. Our purpose was to determine the significance of Enterobius-associated appendicitis by retrospective review of appendectomies performed during a 5-year period at a major children’s hospital. The Surgical Pathology database at Children’s Hospital,(More)
BACKGROUND Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for the repair of congenital diaphragmatic hernias (CDH) had been described. This report reviews the authors' experience with MIS repairs of CDH and discusses the technical development of this approach. METHODS From 1999 until now, the authors collected data on children who underwent an MIS approach for CDH(More)
BACKGROUND The current treatments of pediatric empyemas include tube thoracostomy with or without the instillation of fibrinolytics, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS), and open thoracotomy with decortication. Whereas success has been reported for all of these techniques, VATS has been suggested as the best method because of decreased length of(More)
The aim of this study is to review the current evidence on the diagnosis and management of empyema. The American Pediatric Surgical Association Outcomes and Clinical Trials Committee compiled 8 questions to address. A comprehensive review was performed on each topic. Topics included the distinction between parapneumonic effusion and empyema, the optimal(More)
PURPOSE The aim of the study was to review the authors' experience with alveolar capillary dysplasia (ACD), a cause of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the neonate (PPHN) caused by decreased alveolar units, dilated anomalous pulmonary veins, thick-walled arterioles, and thickened interalveolar septa. METHODS The records of all neonates with ACD were(More)
The vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) system has become an accepted treatment modality for acute and chronic wounds in adults. The use of negative-pressure dressing has been documented in adults and, to some extent, in children. However, its use in premature infants has not been reported in the literature. The results of using the VAC system were examined in(More)
In this issue of GIM,1 we describe a young boy who presented with unusually aggressive inflammatory bowel disease refractory to medical and surgical treatment. To reach a diagnosis, we were compelled to use genomic technology that, at the time, was not a clinically validated test. This case stimulated many discussions within our group and institution on the(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to review evidence-based data addressing key clinical questions regarding parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (PNAC) and parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease (PNALD) in children. DATA SOURCE Data were obtained from PubMed, Medicine databases of the English literature (up to October 2010), and the(More)