Marjorie Bravo

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BACKGROUND Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) and HTLV-2 are prevalent at low levels among US blood donors, but recent data on their prevalence is lacking. METHODS. Data on all first-time blood donors in a large network of US blood centers were examined during 2000-2009. HTLV-1 and HTLV-2 antibodies were measured by enzyme immunoassay (EIA) with(More)
BACKGROUND In the setting of bacterial detection of apheresis platelets (PLTs), the manufacturer recommended PLT inoculation volume for BacT/ALERT culture bottles (bioMérieux) ranges from 4 to 10 mL. This study compares the rate of capture of true-positive (TP) contaminations between aerobic culture bottles inoculated with either 4 or 8 mL of sample and(More)
BACKGROUND Previous reports of West Nile virus (WNV) RNA persistence in blood compartments have raised concerns around the remaining risk of WNV transfusion transmission. This study characterized the dynamics of WNV viremia in blood compartments in a longitudinal cohort of 54 WNV-infected blood donors. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Blood samples were collected(More)
BACKGROUND West Nile virus (WNV) infection is mostly asymptomatic (AS) but 20% of subjects report WNV fever and 1% of patients experience neurologic diseases with higher rates in elderly and immunosuppressed persons. With no treatment and no vaccine to prevent the development of symptomatic (S) infections, it is essential to understand prognostic factors(More)
Nitrogen balance studies were made on rice (Oryza sativa) grown in flooded soil in pots. A low rate of fertilizer (5.64 mg N. kg−1 soil) did not depress the N gain, but a high rate (99.72 mg N. kg−1 soil) elminated the N gain. Soil N loss was negligible since15N applied as ammonium sulfate and thoroughly mixed with the soil was recovered from the soil-plant(More)
BACKGROUND US blood centers can screen female plateletpheresis donors with a history of one or more pregnancies for both Class I and Class II anti-HLA antibodies using one of two platforms. One is a flow-based assay that yields a quantitative result and the other an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that yields either a positive or a negative result(More)
BACKGROUND Apheresis platelet (AP) contamination may be influenced by manufacturing methods because bacteria are subject to the same forces that permit separation of blood cells. This study assesses whether apheresis technology influences in-process detection of bacterial contamination. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Blood Systems, Inc. (BSI) and New York Blood(More)
BACKGROUND Separators use 1960s sex-based nomograms to estimate apheresis donor blood volume and to calculate the 15% maximum extracorporeal and collection volumes. As US body habitus changes, proportional overestimation of the maximum safe collection volume may become clinically significant with large-volume collections. We correlated 2 years of vasovagal(More)
BACKGROUND Donation eligibility is based on hemoglobin (Hb) level among other factors. This study assesses factors that influence Hb levels among first-time (FT) donors returning for a second donation. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Allogeneic FT donors who successfully donated a red blood cell (RBC)-containing donation on their index presentation and returned(More)
Blood donation is a voluntary activity in the United States and provides critical blood units for transfusions. Blood is collected, processed and transported by blood centers to hospitals, though some hospitals also collect blood directly from donors. Blood donation is very safe, but a small percentage of donors can have reactions and some of these(More)