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BACKGROUND Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is an extremely rare lung disease in animals and humans. It is characterized by the deposition of a large amount of phospholipoproteinaceous material in the alveoli. There are several possible etiologies, both congenital and acquired. Alveolar macrophages play an important role in the clearance of surfactant. This(More)
Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory multisystem disorder of unknown cause. Practically no organ is immune to sarcoidosis; most commonly, in up to 90% of patients, it affects the lungs. The nervous system is involved in 5-15% of patients. Neurosarcoidosis is a serious and commonly devastating complication of sarcoidosis. Clinical diagnosis of neurosarcoidosis(More)
Small fiber neuropathy (SFN) is a neuropathy selectively involving small diameter myelinated and unmyelinated nerve fibers. Interest in this disorder has considerably increased during the past few years. It is often idiopathic and typically presents with peripheral pain and/or symptoms of autonomic dysfunction. Diagnosis is made on the basis of the clinical(More)
BACKGROUND In 2002 the American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society (ATS/ERS) classification of idiopathic interstitial pneumonias (IIPs) defined seven specific entities, and provided standardized terminology and diagnostic criteria. In addition, the historical "gold standard" of histologic diagnosis was replaced by a multidisciplinary approach.(More)
OBJECTIVE A substantial number of sarcoidosis patients report apparently non-specific symptoms such as pain, for which no organic substrate has yet been found. Recently we observed symptoms suggestive of small-fibre neuropathy in a group of sarcoidosis patients. The aim of the present study was to verify this observation using various electrophysiological(More)
Some patients with sarcoidosis have unexplained pain and dysaesthesia. We did quantitative sensory testing in 31 sarcoidosis patients with pain or autonomic dysfunction. 25 patients had reduced warmth sensitivity, cold sensitivity, or both. Intraepidermal nerve fibre density (IENFD) was measured in punch biopsy skin samples in seven consecutive patients.(More)
This review describes the usefulness of monitoring the activity level of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and its isoenzyme pattern as indicators of pathological conditions in the lungs, such as cell damage or inflammation. Cytoplasmatic cellular enzymes, like LDH, in the extracellular space, although of no further metabolic function in this space, are still of(More)
Fatigue is a major problem in a wide range of diseases including sarcoidosis. However, there is no standard measure for assessing fatigue. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the usefulness of the Fatigue Assessment Scale (FAS) in two samples of sarcoidosis patients. Sample 1 included 1 046 members of the Dutch Sarcoidosis Society and(More)