Arto Urtti10
Tapani Viitala6
Heidi Kidron3
10Arto Urtti
6Tapani Viitala
3Heidi Kidron
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BACKGROUND Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are cell-derived membrane vesicles. EVs contain several RNAs such as mRNA, microRNAs, and ncRNAs, but less is known of their genomic DNA (gDNA) content. It is also unknown whether the DNA cargo is randomly sorted or if it is systematically packed into specific EV subpopulations. The aim of this study was to analyze(More)
  • Milla Summanen, Niko Granqvist, Raimo K. Tuominen, Marjo Yliperttula, C. Theo Verrips, Johannes Boonstra +2 others
  • 2012
Dysregulation of PKCε is involved in several serious diseases such as cancer, type II diabetes and Alzheimer's disease. Therefore, specific activators and inhibitors of PKCε hold promise as future therapeutics, in addition to being useful in research into PKCε regulated pathways. We have previously described llama single chain antibodies (VHHs) that(More)
  • Julia Lehtinen, Mari Raki, Kim A. Bergström, Päivi Uutela, Katariina Lehtinen, Annukka Hiltunen +8 others
  • 2012
BACKGROUND Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is overexpressed in many solid tumor types, such as ovarian carcinoma. Immunoliposome based drug targeting has shown promising results in drug delivery to the tumors. However, the ratio of tumor-to-normal tissue concentrations should be increased to minimize the adverse effects of cytostatic drugs. (More)
  • Yan-Ru Lou, Liisa Kanninen, Bryan Kaehr, Jason L. Townson, Johanna Niklander, Riina Harjumäki +2 others
  • 2015
Three-dimensional (3D) cell cultures produce more in vivo-like multicellular structures such as spheroids that cannot be obtained in two-dimensional (2D) cell cultures. Thus, they are increasingly employed as models for cancer and drug research, as well as tissue engineering. It has proven challenging to stabilize spheroid architectures for detailed(More)
In this study, chondrocytes were encapsulated into an injectable, in situ forming type II collagen/hyaluronic acid (HA) hydrogel cross-linked with poly(ethylene glycol) ether tetrasuccinimidyl glutarate (4SPEG) and supplemented with the transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1). The chondrocyte–hydrogel constructs were cultured in vitro for 7 days and studied(More)
In this article, we report on the formation and mode-of-operation of an affinity biosensor, where alternate layers of biotin/streptavidin/biotinylated-CRP-antigen/anti-CRP antibody are grown on printed gold electrodes on disposable paper-substrates. We have successfully demonstrated and detected the formation of consecutive layers of supra-molecular protein(More)
The efficacy of central nervous system (CNS) drugs may be limited by their poor ability to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Transporters, such as p-glycoprotein, may affect the distribution of many drugs into the CNS in conjunction with the restricted paracellular pathway of the BBB. It is therefore important to gain information on unbound drug(More)
In this work, we utilize a short-wavelength, 532-nm picosecond pulsed laser coupled with a time-gated complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) single-photon avalanche diode (SPAD) detector to acquire Raman spectra of several drugs of interest. With this approach, we are able to reveal previously unseen Raman features and suppress the fluorescence(More)
  • Cristian Capasso, Mari Hirvinen, Mariangela Garofalo, Dmitrii Romaniuk, Lukasz Kuryk, Teea Sarvela +9 others
  • 2016
The stimulation of the immune system using oncolytic adenoviruses (OAds) has attracted significant interest and several studies suggested that OAds immunogenicity might be important for their efficacy. Therefore, we developed a versatile and rapid system to adsorb tumor-specific major histocompatibility complex class I (MHC-I) peptides onto the viral(More)
When nanocarriers are administered into the blood circulation, a complex biomolecular layer known as the “protein corona” associates with their surface. Although the drivers of corona formation are not known, it is widely accepted that this layer mediates biological interactions of the nanocarrier with its surroundings. Label-free optical methods can be(More)