Marjo Yliperttula

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LAT1 and LAT2 are heterodimeric large amino acid transporters that are expressed in various tissues, including the intestinal wall, blood-brain barrier, and kidney. These transporters consist of membrane spanning light chain and heavy chain, and they act as 1:1 exchangers in concert with other amino acid transporters. Only a few drugs (less than 10) are(More)
BACKGROUND Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are cell-derived membrane vesicles. EVs contain several RNAs such as mRNA, microRNAs, and ncRNAs, but less is known of their genomic DNA (gDNA) content. It is also unknown whether the DNA cargo is randomly sorted or if it is systematically packed into specific EV subpopulations. The aim of this study was to analyze(More)
In vitro dissolution tests can be used to waive in vivo bioequivalency studies (biowaiver), if drug has high solubility and high permeability according to biopharmaceutics classification system (BCS I). Then absorption of BCS I drugs is not dependent on drug dissolution or gastrointestinal transit time and the solid dosage form behaves like oral solution.(More)
Models for predicting oral drug absorption kinetics were developed by correlating absorption rate constants in humans (K(a)) with computational molecular descriptors. The K(a) values of a set of 22 passively absorbed drugs were derived from human plasma time-concentration profiles using a deconvolution approach. The K(a) values correlated well with(More)
Current hepatocyte models do not mimic the human liver morphology and functions properly and, therefore, drug metabolism, excretion, and toxicity in the liver are inadequately predicted. In this study, we established three-dimensional (3D) hepatic cell cultures in hydrogels of peptide nanofibers. The aim was to establish an improved 3D phenotype of HepG2(More)
A novel proof of principle demonstration for contents release from liposomes that can be selectively activated by light irradiation is presented. The content release temperature was adjusted to slightly above body temperature, and hydrophobic or hydrophilic gold nanoparticles were incorporated into the lipid bilayer or the core of the liposomes,(More)
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES To examine the incidence of prescribing errors in a main public hospital in Pakistan and to assess the impact of introducing electronic prescribing system on the reduction of their incidence. BACKGROUND Medication errors are persistent in today's healthcare system. The impact of electronic prescribing on reducing errors has not been(More)
Biomaterials have emerged as powerful regulators of the cellular microenvironment for drug discovery, tissue engineering research and chemical testing. Although biomaterial-based matrices control the cellular behavior, these matrices are still far from being optimal. In principle, efficacy of biomaterial development for the cell cultures can be improved by(More)
Current analysis of exosomes focuses primarily on bulk analysis, where exosome-to-exosome variability cannot be assessed. In this study, we used Raman spectroscopy to study the chemical composition of single exosomes. We measured spectra of individual exosomes from 8 cell lines. Cell-line-averaged spectra varied considerably, reflecting the variation in(More)
The efficacy of central nervous system (CNS) drugs may be limited by their poor ability to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Transporters, such as p-glycoprotein, may affect the distribution of many drugs into the CNS in conjunction with the restricted paracellular pathway of the BBB. It is therefore important to gain information on unbound drug(More)