Marjan van Gurp

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Yersinia enterocolitica induces apoptosis in macrophages by injecting the plasmid-encoded YopP (YopJ in other Yersinia species). Recently it was reported that YopP/J is a member of an ubiquitin-like protein cysteine protease family and that the catalytic core of YopP/J is required for its inhibition of the MAPK and NF-kappaB pathways. Here we analyzed the(More)
Proteome analysis of supernatant of isolated mitochondria exposed to recombinant tBid, a proapoptotic Bcl-2 member, revealed the presence of the serine protease Omi, also called HtrA2. This release was prevented in mitochondria derived from Bcl-2-transgenic mice. Release of Omi under apoptotic conditions was confirmed in vivo in livers from mice injected(More)
In addition to their function as major energy-providing organelles of the cell, mitochondria accomplish a crucial role in apoptosis. The pro-apoptotic BH3-only members of the Bcl-2 family continuously sense the cellular integrity and well-being at various subcellular levels. If these sentinels are induced, released or activated, they converge on the release(More)
A hallmark of apoptosis is the fragmentation of nuclear DNA. Although this activity involves the caspase-3-dependent DNAse CAD (caspase-activated DNAse), evidence exists that DNA fragmentation can occur independently of caspase activity. Here we report on the ability of truncated Bid (tBid) to induce the release of a DNAse activity from mitochondria. This(More)
Transcription of the genes for the human histone proteins H4, H3, H2A, H2B, and H1 is activated at the G1/S phase transition of the cell cycle. We have previously shown that the promoter complex HiNF-D, which interacts with cell cycle control elements in multiple histone genes, contains the key cell cycle factors cyclin A, CDC2, and a retinoblastoma (pRB)(More)
The enzymatic activity of caspases is implicated in the execution of apoptosis and inflammation. Here we demonstrate a novel nonenzymatic function for caspase-2 other than its reported proteolytic role in apoptosis. Caspase-2, unlike caspase-3, -6, -7, -9, -11, -12, and -14, is a potent inducer of NF-kappaB and p38 MAPK activation in a TRAF2-mediated way.(More)
A crucial event in the process of apoptosis is caspase-dependent generation of truncated Bid (tBid), inducing release of cytochrome c. In an in vitro reconstitution system we combined purified recombinant tBid with isolated liver mitochondria and identified the released proteins using a proteomic matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization post-source decay(More)
Developmental control of bone tissue-specific genes requires positive and negative regulatory factors to accommodate physiological requirements for the expression or suppression of the encoded proteins. Osteocalcin (OC) gene transcription is restricted to the late stages of osteoblast differentiation. OC gene expression is suppressed in nonosseous cells and(More)
Caspases are a family of heteromeric (p20/p10) cysteine proteases with important functions in the regulation of apoptosis and inflammation. Up to now, tools to identify new substrates for caspases have mostly been limited to the random screening of in vitro translated proteins that are known, or assumed, to play a role in apoptosis. We describe the use of a(More)