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BACKGROUND Resistant ventricular fibrillation, refibrillation. and diminished myocardial contractility are important factors leading to poor survival after cardiac arrest. We hypothesized that dantrolene improves survival after ventricular fibrillation (VF) by rectifying the calcium dysregulation caused by VF. METHODS AND RESULTS VF was induced in 26(More)
Epidemiologic evidence has demonstrated that air pollution may impair cardiovascular health, leading to potentially life-threatening arrhythmias. Efforts have been made, with the use of epidemiologic data and controlled exposures in diverse animal and human populations, to verify the relationship between air pollution and arrhythmias. The purpose of this(More)
OBJECTIVES We tested the hypothesis that exposure to concentrated ambient particles (CAP) and/or ozone (O(3)) would increase dispersion of ventricular repolarization. BACKGROUND Elevated levels of air pollution are associated with cardiac arrhythmias through mechanisms yet to be elucidated. METHODS Each of 25 volunteers (18 to 50 years of age) had four(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiological studies have assessed T-wave alternans (TWA) as a possible mechanism of cardiac arrhythmias related to air pollution in high-risk subjects and have reported associations with increased TWA magnitude. OBJECTIVE In this controlled human exposure study, we assessed the impact of exposure to concentrated ambient particulate matter(More)
INTRODUCTION Transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has shown therapeutic potential for cardiovascular diseases, but the electrophysiological implications are not understood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of MSC transplantation on adverse electrophysiological remodeling in the heart following myocardial infarction (MI). (More)
University of Toronto, Toronto; Keenan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael’s Hospital, Toronto; Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Toronto; Dept of Physiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada; Institute LIRYC, Université Bordeaux 1, Bordeaux, France; Institute for Computational Medicine, Dept of(More)
AIMS Current conventional ablation strategies for ventricular tachycardia (VT) aim to interrupt reentrant circuits by creating ablation lesions. However, the critical components of reentrant VT circuits may be located at deep intramural sites. We hypothesized that bipolar ablations would create deeper lesions than unipolar ablation in human hearts. (More)
BACKGROUND After defibrillation of initial ventricular fibrillation (VF), it is crucial to prevent refibrillation to ensure successful resuscitation outcomes. Inability of the late Na+ current to inactivate leads to intracellular Ca2+ dysregulation and arrhythmias. Our aim was to determine the effects of ranolazine and GS-967, inhibitors of the late Na+(More)
It is unknown whether ventricular fibrillation (VF) studied in experimental models represents in vivo human VF. First, we examined closed chest in vivo VF induced at defibrillation threshold testing (DFT) in four patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy pretransplantation. We examined VF in these same four hearts in an ex vivo human Langendorff(More)
BACKGROUND The therapeutic potential of renal denervation (RDN) for arrhythmias has not been fully explored. Detailed mechanistic evaluation is in order. The objective of the present study was to determine the antiarrhythmic potential of RDN in a postinfarct animal model and to determine whether any benefits relate to RDN-induced reduction of sympathetic(More)