Marjan E van der Haar

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The capacity of the adult brain and spinal cord to repair lesions by axonal regeneration or compensatory fibre growth is extremely limited. A monoclonal antibody (IN-1) raised against NI-220/250, a myelin protein that is a potent inhibitor of neurite growth, promoted axonal regeneration and compensatory plasticity following lesions of the central nervous(More)
Nogo-A is a potent neurite growth inhibitor in vitro and plays a role both in the restriction of axonal regeneration after injury and in structural plasticity in the CNS of higher vertebrates. The regions that mediate inhibition and the topology of the molecule in the plasma membrane have to be defined. Here we demonstrate the presence of three different(More)
rMAL, the rat myelin and lymphocyte protein, is a small hydrophobic protein of 17 kDa with four putative transmembrane domains and is expressed in oligodendrocytes and Schwann cells, the myelinating cells of the nervous system. In addition, transcript expression has been found in kidney, spleen, and intestine. Confocal microscopy and immunoelectron(More)
The possibility that transport of proteolipid protein (PLP) from its site of synthesis to the plasma membrane is dependent on cotransport with (sulfo)galacto-cerebrosides was investigated in primary cultured oligodendrocytes and Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells expressing PLP. Sulfation was inhibited by growing oligodendrocytes in the presence of a(More)
Antibodies against the neurite outgrowth inhibitor Nogo-A enhance axonal regeneration following spinal cord injury. However, antibodies directed against myelin components can also enhance CNS inflammation. The present study was designed to assess the efficacy of DNA vaccination for generating antibodies against Nogo-A and to study their pathogenic potential(More)
In oligodendrocytes (OLG), the mRNAs for the various myelin proteins localize to different intracellular sites. Whereas the confinement of myelin basic protein (MBP) mRNA to the processes of the cell has been well established, we demonstrate that most other myelin mRNA species are mainly present in the perinuclear region. Using in situ hybridization of(More)
Intracellular transport of the sphingolipids glucosylceramide (GlcCer) and sphingomyelin (SM), was examined in HT29 human colon adenocarcinoma cells. After synthesis from a fluorescent precursor, 6-[N-(7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazol-4-yl)amino]hexanoylceramide++ + (C6-NBD-Cer), transfer of SM from the Golgi complex to the plasma membrane can occur(More)
Within the CNS, the normal form of cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) is expressed on neurons, oligodendrocytes, and astrocytes. The contribution of these cell types to prion replication and pathogenesis is unclear. To assess the role of oligodendrocytes, we expressed PrP(C) under the control of the myelin basic protein (MBP) promoter in mice lacking(More)
By using a gene library of Bacillus caldolyticus constructed in phage lambda EMBL12 and selecting for proteolytically active phages on plates supplemented with 0.8% skim milk, chromosomal B. caldolyticus DNA fragments that specified proteolytic activity were obtained. Subcloning of one of these fragments in a protease-deficient Bacillus subtilis strain(More)
Primary cultures of rat oligodendrocytes were incubated with a fluorescent sphingolipid precursor, 6-[N-(7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl)amino]hexanoylceramide+ ++ (C6-NBD-ceramide). This compound is known to stain the Golgi complex specifically. Within 30 min of incubation at 37 degrees C most of the C6-NBD-ceramide was incorporated into the perinuclear(More)
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