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Thirty-three patients with major depressive illness were treated with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and plasma adrenocorticotropin (ACTH), and cortisol levels were measured 30 min before and 1, 5, 15, 30 and 60 min after ECT. There was an immediate release of ACTH with a maximum after 5 min. The maximum cortisol plasma levels were measured 30 min after(More)
Thirteen patients with major depressive illness received unilateral electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Memory and some other neuropsychological functions were studied concomitantly with changes in clinical symptoms. ACTH in plasma and cortisol, prolactin (PRL) and TSH in serum were measured 30 min before and 1, 5, 15, 30 and 60 min after treatment. Memory(More)
OBJECT The purpose of this study was to assess the long-term treatment efficacy and morbidity of patients who undergo gamma knife radiosurgery (GKS) for craniopharyngioma. METHODS Twenty-one consecutive Swedish patients were evaluated retrospectively: 11 children (< or = 15 years) and 10 adults. The time from diagnosis to the most recent follow-up imaging(More)
The 24 hr profiles of melatonin and cortisol in serum, morning levels of ACTH in plasma, and the dexamethasone suppression test (DST) were investigated in 32 acutely ill patients with a RDC diagnosis of major depressive disorder, 24 patients with a history of longlasting unipolar or bipolar major depressive disorder studied in remission, and 33 healthy(More)
OBJECT Cushing disease is a rare disorder. Because of their small size the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-producing tumors are often not detectable on neuroimaging studies. To obtain a cure with transsphenoidal surgery (TSS) may therefore be difficult. In this report the authors present 10 years of experience in the treatment of patients with Cushing(More)
Craniopharyngioma is a rare benign intracranial epithelial tumor that, however, often recurs and sometimes kills the affected patients, one-third of which are children. In many cases, the patients acquire growth hormone deficiency and postoperatively need substitution. Generally, growth hormone promotes local release of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I),(More)
OBJECTIVE Primary aldosteronism (PA) is characterized by hypertension, hypokalemia and suppressed renin-angiotensin system caused by autonomous aldosterone production. The aim of this study was to localize mRNA expression of the genes coding for steroidogenic enzymes in adrenals from a group of patients with PA and relate this to clinical work-up,(More)
OBJECTIVE Fertility in males with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is reported from normal to severely impaired. Therefore, we investigated fertility/fecundity, social/sexual situation, and pituitary-gonadal function in CAH males. SUBJECTS AND METHODS The patient cohort comprised 30 males, aged 19-67 years, with 21-hydroxylase deficiency. Their(More)
Transcriptional analysis of SV40 late promoter mutants indicates that the DNA sequence 5'-GGTACCTAACC-3' (map positions 294-304) is important in the control of SV40 late RNA expression. C to T base substitutions at map positions 298, 299 and 304 increased initiation of late RNA synthesis at map position 325 five to ten fold. G to A base substitutions at map(More)
Thirty-three patients with major depressive illness received electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), and serum prolactin (PRL) and thyrotropin (TSH) levels were measured 30 min before and 1, 5, 15, 30, and 60 min after the treatment. There was a threefold increase in PRL levels with a maximum after 15 min. The TSH plasma levels rose significantly with a maximum at(More)