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Neutrophil collagenase (matrix metalloproteinase-8 or MMP-8) is regarded as being synthesized exclusively by polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN). However, in vivo MMP-8 expression was observed in mononuclear fibroblast-like cells in the rheumatoid synovial membrane. In addition, we detected MMP-8 mRNA expression in cultured rheumatoid synovial fibroblasts(More)
Although matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are among the potential key mediators of cancer invasion, their involvement in premalignant lesions and conditions is not clarified. Therefore, we studied, using in situ hybridization, immunohistochemistry and zymography the expression and distribution of MMP-1 and -2, and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs -1, -2 and(More)
It has previously been suggested that plasma membrane ATPase (PM H+-ATPase, EC 3.6.1.3.) is a site of incipient freezing injury because activity increases following cold acclimation and there are published data indicating that activity of PM H+-ATPase is modulated by changes in lipids associated with the enzyme. To test and extend these findings in a tree(More)
The characteristics of UV-absorbing compounds, particularly soluble phenolics, were studied in needles of 63-day-old seed-grown Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) seedlings of two provenances in a UV exclusion field experiment at Pallas-Ounastunturi National Park in Finnish Lapland (68 degrees N, 270 m a.s.l.). The experiment used the following plastic(More)
Seasonal changes in freezing stress resistance of needles of red pine (Pinus resinosa Ait.) and Austrian pine (Pinus nigra Arnold) trees were measured by an electrolyte leakage method and by visual observation. During most of the year, freezing stress resistance determined by the two methods gave similar results. The electrolyte leakage method provided a(More)
The effects of topical betamethasone-17-valerate on collagen propeptide levels, collagen mRNA level, lysyl oxidase mRNA and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1 and MMP-2 mRNA levels were studied in human skin. Three days' treatment of healthy skin with topical betamethasone caused a 70-80% decrease in type I and III collagen propeptides in suction blister(More)
The long-term effects of enhanced UV-B radiation on the content and composition of leaf phenolics in Epilobium angustifolium L. and Eriophorum russeolum Fries ex Hartman were studied in northern Finland (68°N) using two UV-B enhancement experiments, both simulating UV-BCIE radiation and corresponding to a 20% loss of ozone layer. High proportions of(More)
Our aim was to investigate the collagenolytic potential and localization of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) in relation to its regulatory proteins membrane type MT1-MMP and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2 (TIMP-2) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). For this purpose, we have used purification of MMP-2, MMP-8, MMP-9 and interstitial type I, II and III(More)
The hypothesis of the present work was that the pannus tissue overlying the articular hard tissues has an aggressive phenotype and contains the newly discovered collagenase-3 and its endogenous inducers and activators. We therefore analyzed the eventual presence of collagenase-3 and its regulation at the pannus-cartilage junction. Collagenase-3 mRNA (in(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) collectively degrade extracellular matrix and basement membrane proteins in chronic inflammation and bone-destructive lesions. This study examined the ability of immunoglobulin-producing plasma cells, typically present in sites of chronic inflammation, to express collagenases (MMP-8 and -13) in vivo and in vitro.(More)