Mariya V. Turovskaya

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Experiments on cultured mouse adipocytes (9 days in vitro) using fluorescent microscopy have shown that activation of α1- and α2-adrenoceptors by norepinephrine (NE) or α2-adrenoreceptors by L-arginine evokes transient Ca2+ signals, while activation of m3-cholinoreceptors by acetylcholine (ACh) or betaine causes sustained or damped Ca2+ oscillations. The(More)
In non-excitable cells, several kinds of agonist-induced oscillations of cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) are known which differ in their form and generation mechanism. The oscillation source is, as a rule, the regulation of Ca2+ mobilization from intracellular stores through inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptors (IP3R) and in some cases(More)
PURPOSE This study investigated possible mechanisms of autoregulation of Ca(2+) signalling pathways in adipocytes responsible for Ca(2+) and NO oscillations and switching phenomena promoted by acetylcholine (ACh), norepinephrine (NE) and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP). METHODS Fluorescent microscopy was used to detect changes in Ca(2+) and NO in(More)
Adipocytes of white adipose tissue are the cells maintaining glucose homeostasis in an organism, which is controlled by insulin. Insulin stimulates the translocation of glucose transporter GLUT4 from the cytosol into the cell membrane, as well as glucose transport and utilization in these cells. Here we show that insulin-induced [Ca2+]i oscillations are(More)
It is known that brief episodes of hypoxia protect neurons from death caused by global ischemia and hypoxia (hypoxic preconditioning). At the same time, brief hypoxia may cause a phenomenon of posthypoxic hyperexcitability during reoxygenation, which can lead to the death of separate neurons due to their individual differences. In this work we compare the(More)
The mechanisms of hyperexcitability of neuronal networks by ammonium ions and inhibition of this activity by coenzyme NAD were investigated on mixed neuro-glial cultures of rat hippocampus. Ammonium ions cause activation of silent or spontaneously active neuronal networks inducing a bursting electrical activity of neurons and high-frequency synchronous(More)
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