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In Saccharomyces cerevisiae most chitin is synthesized by Chs3p, which deposits chitin in the lateral cell wall and in the bud-neck region during cell division. We have recently found that addition of glucosamine (GlcN) to the growth medium leads to a three- to fourfold increase in cell wall chitin levels. We compared this result to the increases in(More)
The properties of plant purple acid phosphatases (PAPs), metallophosphoesterases present in some bacteria, plants and animals are reviewed. All members of this group contain a characteristic set of seven amino-acid residues involved in metal ligation. Animal PAPs contain a binuclear metallic center composed of two irons, whereas in plant PAPs one iron ion(More)
Acid phosphatase (EC 3.1.3.2) from yellow lupin (Lupinus luteus) seeds was purified to homogeneity by ammonium sulphate fractionation, affinity chromatography, cation-exchange chromatography, gel filtration or reverse-phase HPLC. The enzyme is a dimer with the 50 kD and 44 kD subunits and contains 7.3% of carbohydrate, forming at least four oligosaccharide(More)
Porphyromonas gingivalis HmuY is a putative heme-binding lipoprotein associated with the outer membrane. It is part of an operon together with a gene encoding an outer-membrane hemin utilization receptor (HmuR) and four uncharacterized genes. A similar operon organization was found in Bacteroides fragilis and B. thetaiotaomicron, with the former containing(More)
Infection, survival, and proliferation of pathogenic bacteria in humans depend on their capacity to impair host responses and acquire nutrients in a hostile environment. Among such nutrients is heme, a co-factor for oxygen storage, electron transport, photosynthesis, and redox biochemistry, which is indispensable for life. Porphyromonas gingivalis is the(More)
Porphyromonas gingivalis, a Gram-negative anaerobic bacterium implicated in the development and progression of chronic periodontitis, acquires heme for growth by a novel mechanism composed of HmuY and HmuR proteins. The aim of this study was to characterize the nature of heme binding to HmuY. The protein was expressed, purified and detailed investigations(More)
BACKGROUND Porphyromonas gingivalis is a major etiological agent of chronic periodontitis. The aim of this study was to examine the species specificity, surface exposure, protein expression, immunogenicity, and participation in biofilm formation of the P. gingivalis heme-binding protein HmuY. RESULTS HmuY is a unique protein of P. gingivalis since only(More)
N-linked oligosaccharide chains released by hydrazinolysis from yellow lupin seed diphosphonucleotide phosphatase/phosphodiesterase were fluorescence labeled and separated by high performance liquid chromatography (GlycoSep N and GlycoSep H columns). Exoglycosidase sequencing elucidated the structures of 24 separated N-glycans. Thirty percent of isolated(More)
Porphyromonas gingivalis acquires heme through an outer-membrane heme transporter HmuR and heme-binding hemophore-like lipoprotein HmuY. Here, we compare binding of iron(III) mesoporphyrin IX (mesoheme) and iron(III) deuteroporphyrin IX (deuteroheme) to HmuY with that of iron(III) protoporphyrin IX (protoheme) and protoporphyrin IX (PPIX) using(More)
The UDP-galactose (UDP-Gal) transporter present in the Golgi apparatus is a member of a transporter family comprising hydrophobic proteins with multiple transmembrane domains. Co-immunoprecipitation experiments showed that the full-length UDP-Gal transporter protein forms oligomeric structures in the MDCK cell. A ricin-resistant mutant of the MDCK cell line(More)