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BACKGROUND Peptidyl-prolyl isomerase, NIMA-interacting 1 (PIN1) plays a significant role in the brain and is implicated in numerous cellular processes related to Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other neurodegenerative conditions. There are confounding results concerning PIN1 activity in AD brains. Also PIN1 genetic variation was inconsistently associated with(More)
BACKGROUND Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by motor and vocal tics. Hyperactivity of dopaminergic transmission is considered a prime abnormality in the pathophysiology of tics. There are reciprocal antagonistic interactions between adenosine and dopamine transmission. The aim of the study was to analyze(More)
Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by motor and vocal tics. The etiology of the disorder is unknown, although the predominant role of genetic factors has been established. Variants of the BTBD9 gene (rs4714156, rs9296249 and rs9357271) have been reported to be associated with GTS in French Canadian and(More)
Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) with mutations in the MAPT (microtubule-associated protein tau) gene (FTLD with MAPT mutation) is a neurodegenerative disease with various clinical phenotypes. We present an Italian- Polish family with a IVS10+3G>A mutation in the MAPT gene, linked with haplotype H1s in a male proband (Fig. 2, II.2, H1s/H1b(More)
Mutations in the superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD1) gene have been found in 12-23% of patients with a diagnosis of ALS. Here we describe a large ALS Polish family with a branch in France, carrying a G41S mutation in the SOD1, and characterized by an early onset of the disease and extremely short survival time. The mutation has been initially detected in Italian(More)
TDP-43, a newly described neurodegenerative protein, is of great interest to both neurologists and geneticists. At the beginning, its dysfunction was recognized in sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, frontotemporal lobar degeneration with ubiquitinated inclusions and in mixed forms. However, it was also proved that TDP-43 inclusions are in addition(More)
Frontotemporal dementia and parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17 is a rare variant of frontotemporal dementia, characterized by behavioral, cognitive and motor dysfunctions. The onset of the disease is variable. However, cognitive and behavioral changes usually precede motor symptoms. Early Background:
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