Marius Trøseid

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OBJECTIVES Recent metabolomic, experimental and clinical studies have demonstrated that trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO), a microbiota-dependent metabolite from dietary phosphatidylcholine and carnitine, is a strong predictor of coronary artery disease (CAD). This finding suggests a link between the gut microbiota and atherosclerosis. The potential impact of(More)
The global scale-up of antiretroviral treatment in past years has, unfortunately, not been accompanied by adequate strengthening of laboratory capacity. Monitoring of treatment with HIV viral load and resistance testing, as recommended in industrialized countries, is rarely available in resource-limited settings due to high costs and stringent requirements(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of whooping cough has increased in recent years in Norway, especially amongst older children and adults; in 2004 it was 168/100,000. MATERIAL AND METHODS This article is based on our own experience and a review of available literature, identified on Medline with the search word "pertussis". RESULTS AND INTERPRETATION Whooping(More)
Bordetella pertussis is a fastidious aerobic, Gram-negative coccobacillus that causes the classical disease of whooping cough. We present a 63 years old man with multiple myeloma who was admitted to the medical department with cough, hoarseness and fever. Bronchopneumonia was suspected and two courses of beta-lactam antibiotics had beneficial effect on his(More)
Hypertension is associated with cardiovascular disease in the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected population. The authors aimed to test the hypothesis whether advanced immunosuppression with low nadir CD4 lymphocyte cell count is a predictor of sustained hypertension in HIV-infected individuals. In a longitudinal study of an HIV cohort of 434(More)
OBJECTIVE It is of vital importance to elucidate the triggering factors of obesity and type 2 diabetes to improve patient care. Bariatric surgery has been shown to prevent and even cure diabetes, but the mechanism is unknown. Elevated levels of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) predict incident diabetes, but the sources of LPS are not clarified. The objective of the(More)
BACKGROUND Microbial translocation and chronic inflammation may contribute to non-AIDS morbidity in patients with HIV. This study assessed the impact of probiotic intervention on microbial translocation and inflammation in patients on antiretroviral therapy with viral suppression and subnormal CD4 count. METHODS Thirty-two patients receiving(More)
AIMS Inflammation plays an essential role in the atherosclerotic process, and chemokines such as monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) seem to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. A possible common inflammatory basis for the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome and atherosclerosis has been(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE γ-butyrobetaine (γBB) is a metabolite from dietary Carnitine, involved in the gut microbiota-dependent conversion from Carnitine to the pro-atherogenic metabolite trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO). Orally ingested γBB has a pro-atherogenic effect in experimental studies, but γBB has not been studied in relation to atherosclerosis in(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the role of inflammatory markers as potential predictors of cardiovascular events in subjects with and without the metabolic syndrome. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This was a post hoc analysis from the Diet and Omega-3 Intervention Trial (DOIT), comprising 563 elderly men with (n = 221) and without (n =(More)