Marius Aursnes

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The polyunsaturated lipid mediator PD1n-3 DPA (5) was recently isolated from self-resolving inflammatory exudates of 5 and human macrophages. Herein, the first total synthesis of PD1n-3 DPA (5) is reported in 10 steps and 9% overall yield. These efforts, together with NMR data of its methyl ester 6, confirmed the structure of 5 to be(More)
Inflammation and its natural resolution are host-protective responses triggered by infection or injury. The resolution phase of inflammation is regulated by enzymatically produced specialized pro-resolving mediators. We recently identified a new class of peptide-conjugated specialized pro-resolving mediators that carry potent tissue regenerative actions(More)
The resolution of inflammation is an active process orchestrated by specialized proresolving lipid mediators (SPM) that limit the host response within the affected tissue; failure of effective resolution may lead to tissue injury. Because persistence of inflammatory signals is a main feature of chronic inflammatory conditions, including inflammatory bowel(More)
Specialized pro-resolving lipid mediators are biosynthesized during the resolution phase of acute inflammation from n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Recently, the isolation and identification of the four novel mediators denoted 13-series resolvins, namely, RvT1 (1), RvT2 (2), RvT3 (3) and RvT4 (4), were reported, which showed potent bioactions(More)
The first total synthesis of the lipid mediator MaR1n-3 DPA (5) has been achieved in 12 % overall yield over 11 steps. The stereoselective preparation of 5 was based on a Pd-catalyzed sp(3) -sp(3) Negishi cross-coupling reaction and a stereocontrolled Evans-Nagao acetate aldol reaction. LC-MS/MS results with synthetic material matched the biologically(More)
Protectin D1 (PD1 (3)), a C22-dihydroxylated polyunsaturated fatty acid biosynthesized from all-Z-docosahexaenoic acid, belongs to the new family of endogenous mediators referred to as specialized pro-resolving lipid mediators. PD1 (3) is a natural product that displays potent anti-inflammatory properties together with pro-resolving actions including(More)
The rates of CH3NHNO2 and (CH3)2NNO2 reaction with OH radicals were determined relative to CH3OCH3 and CH3OH at 298 ± 2 K and 1013 ± 10 hPa in purified air by long path FTIR spectroscopy, and the rate coefficients were determined to be k(OH+CH3NHNO2) = (9.5 ± 1.9) × 10(-13) and k(OH+(CH3)2NNO2) = (3.5 ± 0.7) × 10(-12) (2σ) cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1). Ozone(More)
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a polyunsaturated ω-3 fatty acid enriched in oily fish, contributes to better health by affecting multiple targets. Large-conductance Ca2+- and voltage-gated Slo1 BK channels are directly activated by nanomolar levels of DHA. We investigated DHA-channel interaction by manipulating both the fatty acid structure and the channel(More)
Asymmetric bromolactonization reactions of δ-unsaturated carboxylic acids have been investigated in the presence of 10 chiral squaramide hydrogen-bonding organocatalysts. The best catalyst enabled the cyclization of several 5-arylhex-5-enoic acids into the corresponding bromolactones with up to 96% ee and in high to excellent chemical yields. The reported(More)