Learn More
BACKGROUND A consistent brain activity pattern has been identified in major depression across many resting positron emission tomography (PET) studies. This dysfunctional pattern seems to be normalized by antidepressant treatment. The aim of this meta-analysis was to identify more clearly the pattern associated with clinical improvement of depression(More)
Striatal cholinergic interneurons play a crucial role in the control of movement as well as in motivational and learning aspects of behaviour. Neuropeptides regulate striatal cholinergic transmission and particularly activation of mu opioid receptor (MOR) inhibits acetylcholine (ACh) release in the dorsal striatum. In the present study we investigated(More)
Information processing within the striatum is regulated by local circuits involving dopamine, cholinergic interneurons and neuropeptides released by recurrent collaterals of striatal output neurons. In the limbic-prefrontal territory of the dorsal striatum, enkephalin inhibits the NMDA-evoked release of acetylcholine directly through micro-opioid receptors(More)
Acute depression is associated with impaired self-referential processing. Antidepressant effects on the neural bases of self-referential processing in depression are unknown. This study aimed to assess short- and long-term effects of agomelatine on these neural bases in depressed patients and the association between pre-treatment brain activation and(More)
The hippocampus is crucial for long-term episodic memory and learning. It undergoes structural change in aging and is sensitive to neurodegenerative and psychiatric diseases. MRS studies have seldom been performed in the hippocampus due to technical challenges. The reproducibility of MRS in the hippocampus has not been evaluated at 3 T. The purpose of the(More)
Psychomotor retardation, especially motor and cognitive slowing down, has been described many times in the elderly but to our knowledge, has never been examined in healthy middle-aged adults. The present study explores whether walking time may provide an early signal of cognitive performance, using 266 healthy adults ([18-65] years old, mean age: 45.7±12.9(More)
Using an in vitro microsuperfusion procedure, the NMDA-evoked release of [3H]ACh was studied after suppression of dopamine (DA) transmission (alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine) in striatal compartments of the rat. The effects of tachykinin neurokinin 1 (NK1) receptor antagonists and the ability of appropriate agonists to counteract the antagonist responses were(More)
  • 1