Marita Ritmala-Castrén

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This study describes the basic biological and physiological knowledge and skills of graduating nurse students in Finland against the requirement of their being able to practice safely and effectively in intensive care. The study describes also their interest and willingness to work in intensive care. Measurements were based on the Basic Knowledge Assessment(More)
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES To develop a scale to assess basic competence in intensive and critical care nursing. In this study, basic competence denotes preliminary competence to practice in an intensive care unit. BACKGROUND There is a need for competence assessment scales in intensive care nursing practice and education. The nursing care performed in the(More)
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES To describe and evaluate the basic competence of graduating nursing students in intensive and critical care nursing. BACKGROUND Intensive and critical care nursing is focused on severely ill patients who benefit from the attention of skilled personnel. More intensive and critical care nurses are needed in Europe. Critical care nursing(More)
BACKGROUND Patients in a critical care unit sleep quite poorly even when they appear to be sleeping. Sleep is light and fragmented. Acute lack of sleep causes patients suffering in the form of fatigue, irritability, disorientation and hallucinations. It may also affect their recovery and immune defence. To promote sleep, nurses must be able to evaluate(More)
BACKGROUND Inability to sleep is one of the most distressing factors for patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). Sleep is perceived as light and awakenings are numerous. Nurses' documentations of sleep are narrow, mainly concentrating on the quantity and general quality. Nurses should diversely evaluate, document and promote sleep to provide patient(More)
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES To determine how intensive care unit evaluations of patients' sleep by nurses correspond to polysomnography and if changes in patients' physiologic parameters could be helpful in sleep evaluation. BACKGROUND The evaluations of patients' sleep by nurses have not corresponded very well with objective sleep recordings, so there is a need(More)
This study aimed to describe the quality of sleep of non-intubated patients and the night-time nursing care activities in an intensive care unit. The study also aimed to evaluate the effect of nursing care activities on the quality of sleep. An overnight polysomnography was performed in 21 alert, non-intubated, non-sedated adult patients, and all nursing(More)
Critical care patients benefit from the attention of nursing personnel with a high competence level. The aim of the study was to describe and evaluate the self-assessed basic competence of intensive care unit nurses and related factors. A cross-sectional survey design was used. A basic competence scale (Intensive and Critical Care Nursing Competence Scale(More)
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