Marita Beyer

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Fusarium secondary metabolites are structurally diverse, have a variety of activities and are generally poorly understood biosynthetically. The F. fujikuroi polyketide synthase gene bik1 was previously shown to be responsible for formation of the mycelial pigment bikaverin. Here we present the characterization of five genes adjacent to bik1 as encoding a(More)
Deoxynivalenol (DON) is a toxic secondary metabolite produced by molds of the Fusarium genus, which are able to infect cereal crops in the field. Concerning its rate of occurrence and mean concentration, DON is one of the most important mycotoxins in cereal commodities. Its toxic effects range from causing diarrhea, vomiting, and gastro-intestinal(More)
The aim of the present experiment was to test the effects of a wet preservation of triticale contaminated mainly with deoxynivalenol (DON) with sodium metabisulphite (Na2S2O5, SBS) on growth performance, liver function, clinical-chemical plasma parameters and organ histopathology of piglets. For this purpose both the uncontaminated control triticale and the(More)
The stability of T-2 toxin under the conditions of baking or cooking was investigated using heating experiments with the model substances alpha-d-glucose, alpha-d-methyl-glucopyranosid, N-alpha-acetyl-l-lysine methyl ester, and N-alpha-acetyl-cysteine methyl ester. The reaction residue was screened for degradation products using gas chromatography-mass(More)
Deoxynivalenol (DON) is one of most widespread mycotoxins in cereal commodities, and animal feed is prevalently contaminated at high concentrations. This poses a problem in animal nutrition as especially pigs are very sensitive to DON. An effective process for the reduction of the DON concentration is the treatment of contaminated feed with sodium bisulfite(More)
Unground wheat kernels contaminated with 2.09 mg deoxynivalenol (DON) per kg dry matter were stored for up to 56 days at moisture contents of 15, 17.5 and 20% to study the alterations of DON concentration when the wheat was stored either unsupplemented or supplemented with 5 g sodium metabisulfite (Na2S2O5, SBS), 10 g propionic acid (PA) or 5 g SBS plus 10(More)
The type A trichothecenes T-2 and HT-2 toxins are toxic secondary metabolites produced by fungi of the Fusarium genus. Their occurrence in cereals, especially in oats, implies health risks for the consumer. Therefore, it is an important task to develop selective and sensitive methods for the analysis of T-2 and HT-2 toxins, and to undertake further studies(More)
Trichothecenes are secondary metabolites produced by several fungi of the Fusarium genus during their growth period. They inhibit protein biosynthesis in eukaryotic cells resulting in numerous toxic effects such as diarrhea, vomiting, and gastro-intestinal inflammation. Considering its occurrence in food and feedstuff, deoxynivalenol (DON) is one of the(More)
Stable isotope labeled 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol (3-AcDON) was synthesized in excellent yield from deoxynivalenol as starting material. This is the first synthesis of a stable isotope labeled type-B trichothecene suitable as internal standard for HPLC-MS/MS or GC-MS analysis of trichothecene mycotoxins. The isotopic purity of the 3-d(3)-AcDON was determined to(More)
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