Marit Skogstad

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Extrathoracic airways obstruction and scuba diving may induce pulmonary edema, probably because of increased hydrostatic transmural capillary pressure in the lung. This study was designed to examine the subacute pulmonary effects of the combined exposure to inspiratory resistive loading and immersion, as in scuba diving. Two groups each of eight healthy men(More)
OBJECTIVES To study possible effects of aerosol exposure on lung function, fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) and inflammatory markers in blood from Norwegian cement production workers across one work shift (0 to 8 h) and again 32 h after the non-exposed baseline registration. METHODS 95 workers from two cement plants in Norway were included.(More)
PURPOSE To give a systematic review of the development of noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) in working life. METHODS A literature search in MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus, and Health and Safety Abstracts, with appropriate keywords on noise in the workplace and health, revealed 22,413 articles which were screened by six researchers. A total of 698(More)
We have studied pulmonary function before and 2 h after open sea dives to 10 and 50 m and 24 h after the dive to 10 m. Nine trainee divers participated in the dive to 10 m and 17 in the dive to 50 m. Mean time in water was 53 (32-62) min for the 10-m dive and 38 (26-76) min for the 50-m dive. Assessment of lung function included dynamic lung volumes and(More)
OBJECTIVES To characterise diving exposure and pulmonary function in professional divers at the start of their formal education and during the first 3 years of their professional career. METHODS The study included 87 men at the start of their education as professional divers. At follow up 1 and 3 years after the school 83 and 81 divers respectively were(More)
OBJECTIVE Railway workers performing maintenance work of trains and tracks could be at risk of developing noise-induced hearing loss, since they are exposed to noise levels of 75-90 dB(A) with peak exposures of 130-140 dB(C). The objective was to make a risk assessment by comparing the hearing thresholds among train and track maintenance workers with a(More)
OBJECTIVE Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is one of the most reported occupational diseases internationally. The occurrence of audiometric notches is emphasized in both American and European guidelines for the diagnosis of NIHL. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of notched audiograms among railway personnel with and without noise(More)
The aims were to assess the impact of a total smoking ban on the level of airborne contaminants and the urinary cotinine levels in the employees in bars and restaurants. In a follow up design, 13 bars and restaurants were visited before and after the implementation of a smoking ban. Ninety-three employees in the establishments were initially included into(More)
AIMS To analyse longitudinal changes in pulmonary function in professional divers and their relation with cumulative diving exposure. METHODS The study included 87 men at the start of their education as professional divers. At follow up one, three, and six years later, 83, 81, and 77 divers were reexamined. The median number of compressed air dives in the(More)
In this population-based case-control study we explored the association of antiphospholipid antibodies with pregnancy-related venous thrombosis. From 1990 through 2003 615 pregnant women were identified at 18 hospitals in Norway with a diagnosis of first time VT. In 2006, 531 of 559 eligible cases and 1092 of 1229 eligible controls were invited for further(More)