Marissa Nichole Rylander

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BACKGROUND Therapeutic irreversible electroporation (IRE) is an emerging technology for the non-thermal ablation of tumors. The technique involves delivering a series of unipolar electric pulses to permanently destabilize the plasma membrane of cancer cells through an increase in transmembrane potential, which leads to the development of a tissue lesion.(More)
Laser surgery, or laser-induced thermal therapy, is a minimally invasive alternative or adjuvant to surgical resection in treating tumors embedded in vital organs with poorly defined boundaries. Its use, however, is limited due to the lack of precise control of heating and slow rate of thermal diffusion in the tissue. Nanoparticles, such as nanoshells, can(More)
This study introduces the use of high-frequency pulsed electric fields for tissue electroporation. Through the development of finite element models and the use of analytical techniques, electroporation with rectangular, bipolar pulses is investigated. The electric field and temperature distribution along with the associated transmembrane potential(More)
The goal of this project is to develop a dynamic data-driven planning and control system for laser treatment of cancer. The research includes (1) development of a general mathematical framework and a family of mathematical and computational models of bio-heat transfer, tissue damage, and tumor viability, (2) dynamic calibration, verification and validation(More)
Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is emerging as a powerful tool for tumor ablation that utilizes pulsed electric fields to destabilize the plasma membrane of cancer cells past the point of recovery. The ablated region is dictated primarily by the electric field distribution in the tissue, which forms the basis of current treatment planning algorithms. To(More)
The direct correlation between levels of heat shock protein expression and efficiency of its tissue protection function motivates this study of how thermal doses can be used for an optimal stress protocol design. Heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) expression kinetics were visualized continuously in cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs) on a microscope(More)
Laser therapy is a minimally invasive alternative to surgical resection, but its use is limited due to the lack of specific heating due to the rate of thermal diffusion in the tissue. Nanoparticles, Nanoshells in particular, can act as intense infrared absorbers allowing enhanced thermal deposition of laser energy into tissue enabling improving the ability(More)
Elevating the temperature of cancerous cells is known to increase their susceptibility to subsequent radiation or chemotherapy treatments, and in the case in which a tumor exists as a well-defined region, higher intensity heat sources may be used to ablate the tissue. These facts are the basis for hyperthermia based cancer treatments. Of the many available(More)
Conditioning protocols involving mechanical stress independently or with chemical cues such as growth factors (GFs) possess significant potential to enhance bone regeneration. However, utilization of thermal stress conditioning alone or with GFs for bone therapy has been under-investigated. In this study, a preosteoblast cell line (MC3T3-E1) was exposed to(More)
PURPOSE Hyperthermia can induce heat shock protein (HSP) expression in tumours, which will cause enhanced tumour viability and increased resistance to additional thermal, chemotherapy, and radiation treatments. The study objective was to determine the relationship of hyperthermia protocols with HSP expression kinetics and cell death and develop(More)