Marise Pinheiro Nunes

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There are areas in the periphery of Rio de Janeiro city where human cases of Visceral and/or Cutaneous Leishmaniasis occur. The parasites have been identified as Leishmania donovani and Leishmania braziliensis braziliensis respectively. A survey for Leishmaniasis was done among 1,342 dogs from those areas using an indirect immunofluorescent test. From the(More)
The murine model of T. cruzi infection has provided compelling evidence that development of host resistance against intracellular protozoans critically depends on the activation of members of the Toll-like receptor (TLR) family via the MyD88 adaptor molecule. However, the possibility that TLR/MyD88 signaling pathways also control the induction of(More)
Apoptosis mediated by Fas ligand (FasL) initiates inflammation characterized by neutrophilic infiltration. Neutrophils undergo apoptosis and are ingested by macrophages. Clearance of dead neutrophils leads to prostaglandin- and transforming growth factor-beta-dependent replication of Leishmania major in macrophages from susceptible mice. How L. major(More)
We investigated the role of neutrophil elastase (NE) in interactions between murine inflammatory neutrophils and macrophages infected with the parasite Leishmania major. A blocker peptide specific for NE prevented the neutrophils from inducing microbicidal activity in macrophages. Inflammatory neutrophils from mutant pallid mice were defective in the(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi, the protozoan parasite responsible for Chagas' disease, expresses on its surface an uncommon membrane-bound sialidase, known as trans-sialidase. trans-Sialidase is the product of a multigene family encoding both active and inactive proteins. We report here that an inactive mutant of trans-sialidase physically interacts with CD4(+) T(More)
The indirect immunofluorescence test (IF) for anti-Leishmania antibodies (IgG and IgM) was performed with sera from the following groups of individuals: 214 cutaneous leishmaniasis patients, 28 healthy subjects with positive Montenegro's skin test (MST), 29 healthy subjects with negative MST and 16 visceral leishmaniasis patients. The first four groups came(More)
CD8+ T lymphocytes play a critical role in immunity to Trypanosoma cruzi. However, the target molecules of this T cell subset have not been elucidated. In this work, we report the identification of an H-2Kb-restricted CTL epitope within two trypomastigote surface Ags encoded by members of the T. cruzi sialidase/trans-sialidase gene superfamily. Octapeptide(More)
We investigated the role of autophagy in infection of macrophages by Leishmania amazonensis. Induction of autophagy by IFN-gamma or starvation increased intracellular parasite load and the percentages of infected macrophages from BALB/c but not from C57BL/6 mice. In contrast, starvation did not affect the replication of either Leishmania major or(More)
Trans-sialidase is a membrane-bound and shed sialidase from Trypanosoma cruzi, the protozoan parasite responsible for Chagas disease. We investigated the role of soluble trans-sialidase on host CD4+ T cell activation. Trans-sialidase activated naive CD4+ T cells in vivo. Both enzymatically active and inactive recombinant trans-sialidases costimulated CD4+ T(More)