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Trypanosoma cruzi, the protozoan parasite responsible for Chagas' disease, expresses on its surface an uncommon membrane-bound sialidase, known as trans-sialidase. trans-Sialidase is the product of a multigene family encoding both active and inactive proteins. We report here that an inactive mutant of trans-sialidase physically interacts with CD4(+) T(More)
We investigated the role of neutrophil elastase (NE) in interactions between murine inflammatory neutrophils and macrophages infected with the parasite Leishmania major. A blocker peptide specific for NE prevented the neutrophils from inducing microbicidal activity in macrophages. Inflammatory neutrophils from mutant pallid mice were defective in the(More)
There are areas in the periphery of Rio de Janeiro city where human cases of Visceral and/or Cutaneous Leishmaniasis occur. The parasites have been identified as Leishmania donovani and Leishmania braziliensis braziliensis respectively. A survey for Leishmaniasis was done among 1,342 dogs from those areas using an indirect immunofluorescent test. From the(More)
Apoptosis mediated by Fas ligand (FasL) initiates inflammation characterized by neutrophilic infiltration. Neutrophils undergo apoptosis and are ingested by macrophages. Clearance of dead neutrophils leads to prostaglandin- and transforming growth factor-beta-dependent replication of Leishmania major in macrophages from susceptible mice. How L. major(More)
Trans-sialidase is a membrane-bound and shed sialidase from Trypanosoma cruzi, the protozoan parasite responsible for Chagas disease. We investigated the role of soluble trans-sialidase on host CD4+ T cell activation. Trans-sialidase activated naive CD4+ T cells in vivo. Both enzymatically active and inactive recombinant trans-sialidases costimulated CD4+ T(More)
The effects of capsular polysaccharides, galactoxylomannan (GalXM) and glucuronoxylomannan (GXM), from acapsular (GXM negative) and encapsulate strains of Cryptococcus neoformans were investigated in RAW 264.7 and peritoneal macrophages. Here, we demonstrate that GalXM and GXM induced different cytokines profiles in RAW 264.7 macrophages. GalXM induced(More)
The effects of glycoinositolphospholipid (GIPL), from the pathogenic protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, and its isolated glycan and lipid (dihydroceramide) components, were investigated in J774 cells and primary macrophages. Isolated GIPL ceramide, but not intact GIPL or its glycan, induced intense fluid phase endocytosis when added exogenously. In the presence(More)
Activation-induced cell death (AICD) of CD4+ T lymphocytes was described in infection with Trypanosoma cruzi, but a role for AICD in modulating parasite spread in host cells has not been investigated. In this study, replication of T. cruzi in vitro in murine macrophage (Mphi) monolayers was investigated. Long term (5 to 13 day) replication of infective(More)
CD8+ T lymphocytes play a critical role in immunity to Trypanosoma cruzi. However, the target molecules of this T cell subset have not been elucidated. In this work, we report the identification of an H-2Kb-restricted CTL epitope within two trypomastigote surface Ags encoded by members of the T. cruzi sialidase/trans-sialidase gene superfamily. Octapeptide(More)