Marisa Padula

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A dibenzothiophene (DBT)-degrading bacterial strain able to utilize carbazole as the only source of nitrogen was identified as Gordonia sp. F.5.25.8 due to its 16S rRNA gene sequence and phenotypic characteristics. Gas chromatography (GC) and GC–mass spectroscopy analyses showed that strain F.5.25.8 transformed DBT into 2-hydroxybiphenyl (2-HBP). This(More)
Senna (Cassia angustifolia Vahl.) is widely used as a laxative, although potential side effects, such as toxicity and genotoxicity, have been reported. This study evaluated genotoxic and mutagenic effects of senna aqueous extract (SAE) by means of four experimental assays: inactivation of Escherichia coli cultures; bacterial growth inhibition; reverse(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Widow spiders of the genus Latrodectus are found worldwide and produce similar clinical envenomation syndromes. In Australia, red-back spider antivenom (RBS-AV) is effective therapy for Latrodectus hasselti envenomation and it has been reported to reverse envenomation by other widow spiders. This study assessed the efficacy of RBS-AV in(More)
Intracellular parasites and endosymbionts are present in almost all forms of life, including bacteria. Some eukaryotic organelles are believed to be derived from ancestral endosymbionts. Parasites and symbionts show several adaptations to intracellular life. A comparative analysis of their biology suggests some general considerations involved in adapting to(More)
Exonuclease III (Exo III) and endonuclease IV (Endo IV) play a critical role in the base excision repair (BER) of Escherichia coli. Both are endowed with AP endonucleolytic activity, cleaving the 5' phosphodiester bond adjacent to spontaneous or induced abasic sites in DNA. Although mutants defective in Exo III (xthA) are usually hypersensitive to oxidative(More)
The base excision repair pathway of Saccharomyces cerevisiae possesses three DNA N-glycosylases, viz. Ogg1p, Ngt1p and Ntg2p, involved in the repair of oxidative DNA damage. It was previously reported that inactivation of any of these activities, in most cases, did not generate a sensitive mutant phenotype to a variety of oxidative agents. Only the ntg1(More)
The aim of this work was to identify the degradation compounds produced during irradiation of multilayer polyamide 6 (PA-6) films and to study their migration into water and 95% ethanol food simulant. After irradiation of multilayer PA-6 films at 3, 7 and 12 kGy, degradation compounds were extracted using solid-phase microextraction, for which the time and(More)
Cassia angustifolia Vahl. (senna) is commonly used in self-medication and is frequently used to treat intestine constipation. A previous study involving bacteria and plasmid DNA suggested the possible toxicity of the aqueous extract of senna (SAE). The aim of this study was to extend the knowledge concerning SAE genotoxicity mechanisms because of its(More)
A GC method to determine caprolactam in water, 15% ethanol, and olive oil food simulants was developed and validated. Linear ranges varied from 0.96 to 642.82 microg/mL for water, 0.64 to 800.32 microg/mL for 15% ethanol, and 1.06 to 1062.34 microg/g for olive oil, with correlation coefficients higher than 0.999. Method precision studies showed RSD values(More)