Marisa Fioravanti

Learn More
The aim of this review was to examine the evidence for age-related changes of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in both physiological and pathological aging, on the basis of the many data in the literature, as well as of our personal findings. A statistically significant circadian rhythmicity of serum cortisol was maintained in elderly subjects,(More)
A correlation was found among the degree of memory loss, intellectual impairment, the quantity of senile plaques, and a decrease in choline acetyltransferase and acetylcholinesterase activity in patients affected by senile dementia of the Alzheimer type. In this study, patients were subjected to a series of computerized electroencephalographic (EEG)(More)
Decreases in whole-body lean mass can cause sarcopenia, a disease frequently found in the elderly. This condition is frequently associated with frailty and disability in aging as well as the onset and progression of several geriatric syndromes. Sarcopenia therefore must be managed with multidimensional approaches that include physical training, nutritional(More)
Twenty-four type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients with obesity and overt nephropathy were studied for 12 months after hypocaloric diet change from 1870 to 1410 kcal/day (without changes of protein:carbohydrate ratio). Several parameters were evaluated: arterial blood pressure, blood glucose, fructosamine, HbA1c, proteinuria, albuminuria, glomerular filtration(More)
BACKGROUND Memory rehabilitation is a sadly misrepresented area of applied research in Alzheimer's disease. OBJECTIVES To gather and evaluate recent evidence for the clinical effectiveness or ecologically validity of memory rehabilitation for mild to moderate Alzheimer's patients. METHODS Computerised searches and some handsearching were conducted(More)
We studied the circadian rhythm of plasma melatonin, growth hormone (GH), prolactin (PRL), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), and cortisol in 52 mentally healthy old subjects, 35 old demented patients, and 22 clinically healthy young controls. When compared to young controls, the circadian profile of plasma melatonin of old subjects, both demented or not,(More)
Increased cytokine-mediated cytotoxic natural killer (NK) cell activity has recently been demonstrated in patients with senile dementia of the Alzheimer's type (SDAT). In the present study, we evaluated whether protein-kinase C (PKC), a main regulatory enzyme involved in the mechanism of exocytosis by NK cells, has a role in the cytotoxic response of NK(More)
Nowadays no researches has been performed on fatty acid profile (FA) and desaturase activity in metabolically healthy obesity (MHO). The aim of this study was to assessed gender and BMI-related difference in FA, estimated desaturase activities and the efficacy on metabolic changes produced by 2-months well-balance diet in MHO subjects. In 103 MHO subjects(More)
Changes of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) secretion have recently been demonstrated in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Since VEGF has been involved in brain angiogenesis, neuroprotection and cerebromicrovascular exchange of substrates and nutrients, the study of VEGF could have important relapses into the pathogenesis and treatment of AD.(More)
The simultaneous evaluation of the circadian rhythm of plasma melatonin and ACTH and of serum cortisol and DHEAS represents a clinically reliable tool to appreciate the neuroendocrine changes occurring in physiological and pathological brain aging.A selective impairment of the nocturnal melatonin secretion has been observed in elderly subjects, being(More)